The Ten Stages acknowledges that We are all unique perfect children within carrying a full range of unique gifts to offer.
Each child within has their own unique gifts to offer, but sometimes we do not value our gifts and therefore we do not develop our gifts to their full potential, or at all. That is where self-love comes in. Self-love helps us to believe in ourselves and encourage ourselves to re-discover the perfect version of ourselves that is locked inside ourselves. And when we do, that is when we re-discover our greatest potential and have our greatest gifts to offer.
Our gifts are unique because they reflect our individual unique perfect life journey. And our life journey affects what we have to offer and how we present those gifts to others. Each person offers a unique combination of skill, confidence, energy, groundedness, creativity, thoughtfulness, maturity, playfulness, talent, openness, knowledge, focus, experience, patience, friendliness, kindness, understanding, acceptance, reliability, gentleness, strength, motivation, commitment, sincerity, honesty, insight and compassion.
Not everyone will respond to the gifts that we have to offer because different children have learned to respond to different parental messages. That is why it is good to be perfectly unique!
Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich says reading an interview in which Noel talked about quitting drugs is what made him give up taking cocaine.
Ulrich says in the interview with the mrror that he was using cocaine up to around ten years ago but, when reading about Gallagher's own experiences with the drug, decided he wanted to stop."I loved the social elements of cocaine. I loved the danger of it," he said. "Then, about 10 years ago, I read an interview with Noel Gallagher, in which he said, 'I just stopped doing cocaine'. I thought that was really cool. It felt so fresh, so honest, so pure - I love that side of him. I've never had an addictive personality, so I woke up one day and said, 'Enough'."In fact, Ulrich says he only began taking cocaine in order to be able to drink more with his bandmates. "In the early days, I'd always get drunk way faster than the other guys," said Ulrich. "I realised that if there was a little bit of cocaine involved I could stay up longer, instead of ending up face down in the corner, passed out three hours before the party ended."
Spanish police have arrested a Colombian drug boss dubbed ‘The Mouse’, the alleged leader of a major cocaine smuggling gang accused of 400 killings
Spanish police have arrested a Colombian drug boss dubbed ‘The Mouse’, the alleged leader of a major cocaine smuggling gang accused of 400 killings, officials said on Saturday. Officers arrested the 40-year-old, whose real name is reportedly Hernan Alonso Villa, in the eastern seaside city of Alicante on Friday, according to a police statement. He is considered ‘the top leader of the military wing of the Oficina de Envigado, a Colombian criminal organisation accused of 400 killings as well as drug-trafficking, extorsion and forced displacements of Colombian citizens’, it said. ‘He is one of the criminals most wanted by the Colombian authorities. He had more than 200 people under his command and was responsible for exporting cocaine to Spain, the United States and Holland,’ the statement said. Spanish officers arrested him under a Colombian extradition warrant for charges including alleged homicide and arms offences. He was carrying 40,000 euros ($54,000) in cash when he was caught, the statement said. Authorities say the ‘Oficina’ gang dates back to the 1980s when it carried out killings for the now-dismantled Medellin Cartel. Spain is one of the main entry points for illegal narcotics into Europe and Colombia is one of the world’s biggest sources of cocaine. Colombia produced 290 tonnes of cocaine in 2013, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
Your weed-induced paranoia is a real thing.
A new study has found that weed can make actually you paranoid, confirming the findings of investigations dating back to the 1930s, as well as anyone who has ever smoked weed and then ridden the subway. However, researchers found that it's not the weed that directly causes panic, but rather that it makes you more vulnerable to the onset of panic. The study: Oxford University researchers administered intravenous injections to 121 participants who had all recently experienced paranoia. Two thirds received a dose of THC and the remaining third received a placebo.
The participants were then placed in a real-life situation — the hospital cafeteria — and a calm situation depicted in a virtual reality headset. Half of the real THC group felt elevated levels of anxiety and panic in both settings. In the placebo group, only a third felt such effects. Being high makes people more prone to becoming paranoid, but as the lead researcher puts it, "More importantly, it shines a light on the way our mind encourages paranoia. Paranoia is likely to occur when we are worried, think negatively about ourselves, and experience unsettling changes in our perceptions." When one is high, the changes in perception can lead to a state of disorientation, opening the way to panic and paranoid thoughts. If one feels self-conscious or anxious prior to getting high, then the high will make paranoia more likely to occur.
Clarifying the lore. It's common knowledge that the high from cannabis can generate some level of paranoia in some people, and consuming too much at once can lead to a panic episode. This study demonstrates that those feelings are a direct reaction to the unexpected nature of altered perception, and that a person manifests their own paranoia due to a state of disorientation. The report says that, in a normal state, "Many people have a few paranoid ideas, and a few people have many." Based on your existing vulnerability to paranoia, being high can exacerbate your tendency to feeling paranoid. A number of studies on cannabis over the past few decades cite paranoia as a side effect, including studies of its psychiatric effects, its dangers, and its medical uses, but none of them have discovered how much our own state of mind plays a part. Now we can confirm that if you smoke weed and start getting paranoid, it may well be your own state of mind.
According to the World Health organisation, alcohol kills more than 3 million people worldwide each year, which translates to one person every 10 seconds. That’s more than the amount of people lost to AIDS, tuberculosis, and violence. The statistic includes alcohol-related driving fatalities, violence, and health issues arising from excessive alcohol consumption. Because alcohol is legal in most countries, and because—especially in the US and western culture in general—it is promoted in advertising and glamorised in film, its dangers are often minimised or disregarded by young people, and the warnings about problem-drinking and its consequences are viewed as the admonitions of uptight grownups. Unfortunately, the facts support the admonitions. So, how can alcohol kill you?
Here are a few ways it can—and does—end lives: Drunk driving accounted for ten thousand deaths in 2010—that was over thirty percent of all traffic fatalities. Acute alcohol poisoning kills over one thousand people each year. Nearly sixteen thousand people died in 2010 from alcohol-induced liver disease. Over fifty percent of people who die in fires have high blood-alcohol levels. One quarter of all emergency room admissions, one-third of all suicides and more than half of all homicides and incidents of domestic violence are alcohol related. Unintentional injuries related to alcohol consumption cause over eighteen hundred deaths each year among college students. Health problems, including increased likelihood of stroke, diabetes, cirrhosis of the liver, oesophageal cancer, and compromised immune system can lead, if untreated, to premature death. Alcohol in combination with other drugs, especially pain medications, tranquillisers, and sleep medications, can cause death by slowing down respiration as well as by causing the aspiration of vomit. The simple fact is that alcohol impairs judgment, cognition, inhibitions regarding excessive risk-taking and acting out of aggressive tendencies, and other faculties that reduce the likelihood of accident or death. If alcohol consumption becomes regular, increases over time, or increases in amount, or if consequences of drinking are accumulating, treatment is indicated, because yes, alcohol can kill you.
More than seven months after a Silicon Valley executive was found dead on his yacht of an apparent overdose, police said they have uncovered new video evidence that reveals he may have been murdered. Alix Tichelman, 26, who police describe as a high-end call girl, is believed to be the woman in the video injecting Forrest Hayes, 51, with heroin during a date together last November, according to Santa Cruz police. It was initially thought that Hayes, who had worked at Apple and was employed by Google at the time of his death, died of an overdose on his yacht, "The Escape." A Woman Found Out a Serial Killer Once Lived in Her Home From Watching TV The newly uncovered surveillance video shows a woman, who Santa Cruz police say is Tichelman, administering the drugs and never trying to help Hayes or to call authorities when it was clear something had gone terribly wrong, Deputy Chief Steve Clark said. "She was so callous that in gathering her things, she was literally stepping over the body and at one point stepped over the body to grab a glass of wine and finish the glass of wine," Clark told ABC's San Francisco owned station KGO-TV. Police said the woman believed to be Tichelman even drew the blinds to the bedroom on the 50-foot yacht before leaving. Investigators took Tichelman's fingerprints from the wine glass, according to KGO-TV. Posing as a potential client, police said they met up with Tichelman to a hotel on July 4 and arrested her on suspicion of second-degree murder, destruction of evidence and transporting and providing narcotics. It was unclear if Tichelman has hired an attorney. An obituary posted in the Santa Cruz Sentinel describes Hayes as a husband and father to five children. "More than anything else he enjoyed spending time with his family at home and on his boat," the obituary said. "His brilliant mind, contagious smile, and warm embrace will be missed and cherished in memories by his friends and family."
Substance abusers could have their memories of drug addiction wiped in a bid to stop them using illegal narcotics, an award-winning neuroscientist has said. According to new research by Cambridge University’s Professor Barry Everitt: disrupting the memory pathways of drug users could weaken powerful “compel” cravings, reduce “drug seeking behaviour” and open a new field of addiction therapy. Professor Everitt, who is this year’s joint winner of the prestigious Fondation (CORR) Ipsen Neuronal Plasticity Prize, told this week’s Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) how his research in rodents had found that targeting “memory plasticity” in rats was able to reduce the impact of maladaptive drug memories.
He added that this knowledge could offer a radical new method of treatment of drug addiction in humans, where researchers have already established that the path to addiction operates by shifting behavioural control from one area of the brain to another. This process sees drug use go from a voluntary act to a goal directed one, before finally becoming an compulsive act. It was this process that Professor Everitt's research is trying to “prevent” by targeting “maladaptive drug-related memories” to “prevent them from triggering drug-taking and replaces”. In humans this could potentially be done by blocking brain chemicals. “It's the emotional intrusiveness of drug and fear memoirs that can be diminished, rather than an individual's episodic memory that they did in the past take drugs or had a traumatic experience,” he told The Independent. “Conscious remembering is intact after consolidation blockade, but the emotional arousal [that] leads to drug seeking or distressing feelings of fear that are diminished.”
His research group discovered that when drug memories are reactivated by retrieval in the brain, they enter a pliable and unstable state. By putting rats in this state Professor Everitt was able to prevent memory reconsolidation by blocking brain chemicals or inactivating key genes. In one study, the team diminished drug seeking behaviours by obstructing a brain chemical receptor linked to learning and memory, thus erasing memories, while in another study it found they could weaken drug use memories by altering a particular gene in the amygdala, a brain area processing emotional memory. “Of course, inactivating genes in the brain is not feasible in humans,” the professor told FENS. “So we’re directing our research to better identify the underlying brain mechanisms of memory reconsolidation.” He added: “We specifically examined how we could target these maladaptive drug-related memories, and prevent them from triggering drug-taking and relapse.”
The former British ambassador to Afghanistan has said the war on drugs has essentially been lost, and appealed to take the illegal trade out of the shadow and put it under strict governmental control “to limit the demand.” Sir William Patey, a British career diplomat and former UK ambassador to Iraq, Sudan, Saudi Arabia and finally to Afghanistan, has recognized defeat in the fight against drugs in an article written exclusively for the Guardian. Patey called on the British government to face the truth and legalize the drug trade, and take the supply of illegal opium and its derivatives under full control. “In short, the war on drugs has failed in Afghanistan,” declared the British diplomat, calling the failure “predictable and inevitable.”
Understand the inherently peaceful presence of Awareness the art of Living in the NOW, and see that this peace is not dependent upon the condition of the mind, body or world, just as a screen is not dependent on the quality of the words or images that appear on it.
The addicted brain is distinctly different from the nonaddicted brain, as manifested by changes in brain metabolic activity, receptor availability, gene expression, and responsiveness to environmental cues
There are many biological factors that are involved with the addicted brain. "The addicted brain is distinctly different from the nonaddicted brain, as manifested by changes in brain metabolic activity, receptor availability, gene expression, and responsiveness to environmental cues" (2) In the brain, there are many changes that take place when drugs enter a person's blood stream. The pathway in the brain that the drugs take is first to the ventral tegmentum to the nucleus accumbens, and the drugs also go to the limbic system and the orbitofrontal cortex, which is called the mesolimbic reward system. The activation of this reward system seems to be the common element in what hooks drug users on drugs (2).
Drugs seem to cause surges in dopamine neurotransmitters and other pleasure brain messengers. However, the brain quickly adapts and these circuits desensitize, which allows for withdrawal symptoms to occur (3). Drug addiction works on some of the same neurobiological mechanisms that aid in learning and memories (3). "This new view of dopamine as an aid to learning rather than a pleasure mediator may help explain why many addictive drugs, which unleash massive surges of the neurotransmitter in the brain, can drive continued use without producing pleasure-as when cocaine addicts continue to take hits long after the euphoric effects of the drug have worn off or when smokers smoke after cigarettes become distasteful." (4)
Since memory and pleasure zones are intertwined in the brain, many researchers have been using psychological approaches to stop drug use. Many rehabilitation centers have used classical conditioning to rehabilitate drug addicts. They combine exposure to drugs combined with cognitive scripts, like statements how drugs have destroyed a person's life or what can be accomplished without using drugs, according to DeLetis (5). By using classical conditioning, the drugs addicts pair the drugs with negative connotations and properties. "Adverse withdrawal symptoms can function as an instrumental negative reinforcer and can be linked to the opponent process theory of motivation." (6) However, drug addicts may relapse and start using again because of many environmental "cues", which are external forces that are associated with drug use in their lives. When the drugs addicts see these cues, their brain circuitry, especially the orbitofrontal cortex become hyperactive and causes these people to start craving drugs again (2). No matter how successful the rehabilitation treatment is, once those "cues" are around, the drug addicts remember how pleasurable the drugs felt and relapse into drug abuse again.
Through all of the research done about drug addiction and its affects on the brain, one can see how drug addiction is considered a brain disease. Drug addiction is a disabling disease and can ruin a person's life. By taking drugs, a person's brain becomes "rewired" to tolerate high amounts of dopamine neurotransmitters, but once those high amounts of dopamine cease to exist, the person experiences withdrawal symptoms. However, there are ways drug addicts can control their drug intake by using classical conditioning techniques, which allows them to associate drugs with negative attributes.
Bill Wilson is on record for having found a solution in 1960 for treating anxiety and depression using vitamin B-3 therapy and worked tirelessly for eleven years begging for its inclusion into A.A. recovery circles.
The Serotonin Support Group (SSG)
Is a mutual support group for people who suffer from low Serotonin levels, wishing to participate in a support group that uses as one method a vitamin supplement as a method of replacement or addition to a diet to help the sufferer.The historical basis of this form of nutritional treatment was discovered and researched by Bill Wilson of Alcoholics Anonymous and it is to promote this Legacy to persons who suffer from low serotonin uptake and depression that the Group was formed.Bill Wilson wished to add a step to the 12 he had produced for AA. We struggle to make that possible and fulfill his promise. Without detracting from the message of recovery in the twelve steps of Alcoholics Anonymous. If alcoholics and addictive abusers of other drugs have specific chemical imbalances in the brain, and if these imbalances turn out to be reliable enough and measurable enough in sufficiently large numbers of human addicts, it is natural to wonder whether, eventually, science can find a way to correct them.
Some sort of neurotransmitter cocktail, maybe.
Bill Wilson is on record for having found a solution in 1960 for treating anxiety and depression using vitamin B-3 therapy and worked tirelessly for eleven years begging for its inclusion into A.A. recovery circles. His desire was to help alcoholics stay recovered. This means he would have immediately brought this mineral replacement therapy that eliminates alcohol cravings forth without exception. Andrew W. Saul, includes Bill Wilson as an inductee of the Orthomolecular Medicine Hall of Fame at the Hotel Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, April 29, 2006 in his induction speech, “…To this day, selective history records A.A.’s 12-Step Program, but has forgotten, or deliberately purged, what Bill wanted to be A.A.’s 13th step – orthomolecular therapy with vitamin B3.”[Lee Brack1] In February 2009, Orthomolecular Medicine’s founder, Abram Hoffer and Bill Wilson’s good friend, clarified to me over the phone, “..yes, Lee, he wanted to share this information as an added step and talked about it all the time because he felt so strongly about nutrition…” Abram Hoffer passed away a few months later in May having lived healthy and happily for ninety one and a half years.
The results strongly suggest that the mechanism of depression after alcohol drinking may be related to serotonin.
|We examined tryptophan and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) levels in the blood after consumption of alcohol. Forty-five minutes after drinking, whole blood serotonin concentration was significantly reduced, whereas no changes were observed in tryptophan level. The diurnal rhythm of 5-HT in subjects who the day before had drunk alcohol was quite different from the control group, but very similar to that of patients with depression. The results strongly suggest that the mechanism of depression after alcohol drinking may be related to serotonin.|
The important thing with serotonin, is to keep it at steady levels. The medicines that raise the level of serotonin in the brain do so by slowing the reabsorbtion of serotonin. The alcohol increases the availible serotonin for a bit and then it drops off quickly, leaving the depressed person feeling worse, and they tend to not take the medicine correctly when they feel badly or are drunk. High serotonin levels do not mean somebody will feel happy or good, It makes it more likely that they won't feel realy bad.
After being on the run for 15 years, an accused cocaine dealer who used to live in Henrico is in custody.
Nickolas Spanos has multiple indictments from the late 1980's and 1990's accusing him of distributing the drug.
Investigators say Spanos was found in the Philippines.
Prosecutors tell us they are trying to extradite him back to the United States.
After being on the run for 15 years, an accused cocaine dealer who used to live in Henrico is in custody.
Nickolas Spanos has multiple indictments from the late 1980's and 1990's accusing him of distributing the drug.
Investigators say Spanos was found in the Philippines.
Prosecutors tell us they are trying to extradite him back to the United States.
Whether it is a coping mechanism in the face of homophobia or just hectic partying is not clear, but new figures suggest that gay people are seven times more likely to take illegal drugs than the general population
Whether it is a coping mechanism in the face of homophobia or just hectic partying is not clear, but new figures suggest that gay people are seven times more likely to take illegal drugs than the general population, with one in five of those surveyed showing signs of dependency on drugs or alcohol. More than a third of gay, lesbian and bisexual people took at least one illegal drug in the last month, according to the largest study of its kind. Whether drug use is a psychological crutch, a way of integrating into the "scene" or perhaps both, that figure compares to 5 per cent of the wider population who admitted using a drug in the last month in the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW). Campaigners yesterday described the findings as a "wake-up call", while specialists warned that gay people risk being "excluded" from traditional drug treatment services. The report, conducted by the Lesbian and Gay Foundation (LGF) and the University of Central Lancashire, who sampled more than 4,000 people over two years, warns that there is "significant problematic substance use among lesbian, gay and bisexual people" and a risk of "substantial hidden harm". The most widely used substances among those surveyed were party drugs such as cannabis and poppers, followed by powder cocaine, ecstasy, ketamine and amphetamines. They were 10 times more likely to have used cocaine in the last month than the wider population, and 13 times more likely to have used ketamine. Heroin use was comparable among both populations, but the use of crack cocaine was again higher among the gay community. David Stuart, education, training and outreach manager at London Friend, the UK's only targeted LGBT drug and alcohol service, said feelings of "rejection" and "fear" as well as "shame around sex" could be factors leading to substance abuse. He added that drug services "aren't equipped" to deal with the shifting drug trends, noting that "while government funding is linked to crime prevention and drugs like crack and heroin, less than 2 per cent of lesbian, gay and bisexual people use these drugs." But Kitty Richardson, 25, who runs the Most Cake, a blog for lesbians in London, said: "the scene has a lot to answer for". She added: "People are very quick to label gay people as troubled, or inherently needing those crutches, but all our methods of socialising revolve around drink or drugs. A by-product of that is people can become dependent." The research, carried out at Pride events and through online and postal surveys, canvassed a younger age profile than the CSEW, but LGF's policy and research co-ordinator, Heather Williams, called the figures "striking". She added: "This should be a wake-up call for people working with the community and for policy makers commissioning services at a local and national level." While drug use in the general population tends to decrease with age, the report found almost as many lesbian, gay and bisexual 36- to 40-year-olds were taking drugs as their younger counterparts. 'I was bullied quite badly, and started smoking cannabis at 14' Sarah Graham, 43, is a drug counsellor, living in London. She is also a recovering cocaine user, who at one point was spending £600 a week on drugs and alcohol. The former TV director says the homophobic bullying she experienced at school was a factor in her addiction, which nearly killed her. "I was bullied on a daily basis; it got quite bad, in terms of physical assaults. I didn't feel comfortable being myself and at 14, when I wasn't even out, I started smoking cannabis at the end of the playing fields to numb myself to the reality of day-to-day existence. This led me to taking more serious drugs, like speed and acid, then cocaine. "A lesbian, gay or bisexual person presenting in treatment can have specific traumas, in which workers need to be trained."
long range subs are apparently going all the way from Ecuador to Europe, bypassing the Mexican cartels (who have been fighting each other, in a big way, for the last five years).
Particularly worrisome are these larger subs headed for Europe. Little is known about these, expect that they exist. These subs would be more at risk of being lost because of accident or bad weather than being spotted. European navies (especially Portugal and Spain) and coast guards have been alerted and are looking.
Despite losing nearly a hundred of these vessels to the U.S. and South American naval forces (and dozens more to accidents and bad weather) the drug gangs have apparently concluded that the subs are the cheapest and most reliable way to ship the drugs. It's currently estimated that over 80 percent of the cocaine smuggled into the United States leaves South America via these submarines or semi-submersible boats.
Most of these craft are still "semi-submersible" type vessels. These are 10-20 meter (31-62 foot) fiberglass boats, powered by a diesel engine, with a very low freeboard and a small "conning tower" providing the crew (of 4-5), and engine, with fresh air and permitting the crew to navigate. A boat of this type was, since they first appeared in the early 1990s, thought to be the only practical kind of submarine for drug smuggling. But in the last decade the drug gangs have developed real submarines, capable of carrying 5-10 tons of cocaine that cost a lot more and don't require a highly trained crew. These subs borrow a lot of technology and ideas from the growing number of recreational submarines being built.
The Colombian security forces and other Latin American navies have been responsible for most of these vessel captures. Usually these boats are sunk by their crews when spotted but the few that were captured intact revealed features like an extensive collection of communications gear, indicating an effort to avoid capture by monitoring many police and military frequencies. The Colombians have captured several of these vessels before they could be launched. In the last few years the Colombians have been collecting a lot of information on those who actually builds these subs for the drug gangs and FARC (leftist rebels that provide security and often transportation for moving cocaine). That includes finding out where the construction takes place.
Colombian police have arrested dozens of members of gangs that specialized in building submarines and semisubmersible boats. As police suspected, some of those arrested were retired or on active duty with the Colombian Navy (which operates two 1970s era German built Type 209 submarines). These arrests were part of an intense effort to find the people responsible for building subs for cocaine gangs. Find the builders and you stop the building efforts.
Over the last few years the U.S. and Colombia have been desperately seeking the specialists responsible for designing and building these craft. This soon led to identifying and arresting leaders of the sub building groups. The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) helped out, providing many valuable tips.
The submarines that have been captured have, on closer examination, turned out to be more sophisticated than first thought. The outer hulls are made of strong, lightweight Kevlar/carbon fiber that is sturdy enough to keep the sub intact but very difficult to detect with most sensors. The hulls cannot survive deep dives but these boats don't have to go deep to get the job done. The diesel-electric power supply, diving and surfacing system, and navigational systems of captured subs was often in working order. It was believed that some of those who built these boats probably had experience building recreational subs. The sub builders also had impressive knowledge of the latest materials used to build exotic boats. It had already become clear that something extraordinary was happening in these improvised jungle shipyards.
Ecuadoran police found the first real diesel-electric cocaine carrying submarine two years ago. It was nearly completed and ready to go into a nearby river, near the Colombian border, and move out into the Pacific Ocean. The 23.5 meter (73 foot) long, three meter (nine feet) in diameter boat was capable of submerging. The locally built boat had a periscope, conning tower, and was air conditioned. It had commercial fish sonar mounted up front so that it could navigate safely while underwater. There was a toilet on board but no galley (kitchen) or bunks. Submarine experts believed that a five man crew could work shifts to take care of navigation and steering the boat. The boat could submerge to about 16 meters (50 feet). At that depth the batteries and oxygen on board allowed the sub to travel up 38 kilometers in one hour, or at a speed of 9 kilometers an hour for 5-6 hours. This would be sufficient to escape any coastal patrol boats that spotted the sub while it moved along on the surface (its normal travel mode). The boat could also submerge to avoid very bad weather. The sub carried sufficient diesel fuel to make a trip from Ecuador to Mexico. There was a cargo space that could hold up to seven tons of cocaine.
The sub was captured where it was being assembled and a nearby camp for the builders appeared to house about fifty people. A lot of evidence was collected, and apparently the U.S. DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) used that to develop clues about who was involved. It was the DEA that put together the pieces that led to identifying Meyendorff and locating him in Argentina.
The Ecuadoran boat was the first such sub to be completed but not the first to be attempted. A decade ago Russian naval architects and engineers were discovered among those designing and building a similar, but larger, boat. However, that effort did not last, as the Russian designs were too complex and expensive. It was found easier to build semi-submersible craft. But more and more of these new type subs are being found.
Symptoms of alcohol abuse, not dependence, may better reflect family risk for alcohol use disorders.
Individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) vary widely in their age of onset of use, patterns of drinking, and symptom profiles. AUDs are often 'divided' into two categories: alcohol abuse (AA) and alcohol dependence (AD), with AA perceived as a milder syndrome that might develop into AD over time. A recent study of the clinical features of AUDs, with a focus on family liability, has found that -- contrary to expectations -- AA symptoms better reflect familial risk for AUDs than AD symptoms.
Results will be published in the December 2012 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Researchand are currently available at Early View.
"We decided to look at the clinical features of AA and AD as they correspond to familial liability to AUDs because familial risk of illness has been long used as a major validator of diagnostic approaches in psychiatry," explained Kenneth S. Kendler, professor of psychiatry at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine and corresponding author for the study. "For example, in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III (DSM-III) criteria, it was assumed the AA and AD represent distinct syndromes. Since then, results have accumulated to suggest that these two categories are very highly correlated and may in fact jointly represent one underlying dimension of risk.
The researchers examined clinical features of AUDs among 1,120 twins from the Virginia Twin Study of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) criteria for lifetime AUDs. Analysis focused on whether clinical features of AUDs, including individual DSM-IV criteria for AD and AA, predicted risk for AUDs in cotwins and/or parents.
Results indicate that individual DSM-IV criteria for AA and AD differ meaningfully in the degree to which they reflect the individual's familial/genetic liability to AUDs. Importantly, and contrary to expectations, the familial/genetic risk to AUDs was better reflected by symptoms of alcohol abuse and negative psychosocial consequences of AUDs than by early age at onset of drinking, or symptoms of tolerance and withdrawal.
"Symptoms of alcohol abuse do a better job of reflecting the familial risk for AUDs than symptoms of dependence," said Kendler. "This is not what we expected. Clearly the symptoms of alcohol abuse may have more validity than they are commonly given credit for."
The most consistent single predictor of familial risk was AUD-associated legal problems, the researchers noted, one of the negative psychosocial consequences of AUDs, which is the one criterion slated for removal in the impending DSM-5.
"This removal is slated to occur largely through the influence of the International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11) which is used worldwide and is itself slated for revision by 2015," explained Kendler. "The DSM-5 authors are concerned that legal standards differ so widely across the world that it would be problematic to use any criteria reflecting legal practices."
Osteoporosis, or reduced bone mineral density (BMD), is defined by an absolute decrease in total bone mass, caused mostly by an imbalance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. Reduced BMD often co-occurs with alcoholism. A study of the passage of bone formation and resorption in abstinent alcoholics has found that eight weeks of abstinence may be enough to initiate a healthier balance between the two.
Results will be published in the December 2012 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Researchand are currently available at Early View.
"There are many reasons why alcoholics may develop reduced BMD: lack of physical activity, liver disease, and a suspected direct toxic effect of alcohol on bone-building cells," explained Peter Malik, a senior scientist and physician at the Medical University Innsbruck, Austria as well as corresponding author for the study. "A reduced BMD carries an increased risk of fractures with all the consequences; osteoporotic fractures also put an enormous financial burden on health care systems due to high rehabilitation costs."
"This study contributes to our understanding of various deteriorating effects of long-term consumption of high amounts of alcohol on the human body," commented Sergei Mechtcheriakov, associate professor of psychiatry at the Medical University Innsbruck, Austria. "We can see that even bone tissue which is often -- and wrongly -- perceived as inert, can be affected by alcoholism. It would seem that a combination of direct toxic effects of alcohol and its metabolites on bone tissue turnover as well as life style factors, such as low physical activity, may play a significant role."
Malik and his collegues examined BMD in 53 male abstinent patients, 21 to 50 years of age, at an alcohol rehabilitation clinic. Blood work was drawn for various measures at baseline and after eight weeks of treatment. Study authors also used x-rays to determine BMD in the lumbar spine and the proximal right femur, as well as a questionnaire to determine levels of physical activity prior to inpatient treatment.
"We found that BMD is reduced in alcoholic men without liver disease," said Malik. "However, the initial imbalance between bone formation and resorption seems to straighten out during abstinence. This means that an increased fracture risk could be reduced during abstinence if no manifest osteoporosis is already present. In addition, regular physical exercise seems to be 'bone-protective' in alcoholic patients, likely due to the fact that a dynamic strain on bone through physical activity increases the rate of bone formation and resorption, which is good for bone density."
"This study supports the view that recovery treatment programs should contain long-term moderate physical activity regimes," said Mechtcheriakov, "which treatment programs generally do. But the study also suggests that deficits in the musculoskeletal system, such as BMD reduction or muscular atrophy, should be taken into account during the rehabilitation. The study shows that during the first weeks of abstinence the bone metabolism is slowly improving but not fully recovered. Recovery after long-term alcoholism takes months and probably years. We need better understanding of these processes in order to be able to conceive better rehabilitation programs."
Based on these findings, Malik recommended that patients with a longer history of alcohol abuse or dependence undergo dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, a measurement of BMD, especially when other risk factors such as co-medication or smoking are present.
Mechtcheriakov added that even though a full recovery may take months or even years, it is important to remember that it is possible with abstinence.
"This is probably true for many other alcohol-associated diseases," Mechtcheriakov said. "It pays to stop drinking or at least reduce alcohol consumption to the low-risk levels recommended by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. We need a better scientific understanding of the multiple consequences of alcoholism and its associated long-term recovery processes. The latter aspect has been underestimated in alcohol research for decades. This applies also to alcohol-associated neuronal sensibility disorder, motor coordination deficits, muscular atrophy, and bone metabolism. The application of scientifically based methods to support and stimulate long-term recovery processes in post-withdrawal alcoholics can dramatically improve quality of life and rehabilitation success for this large group of patients."
There’s an excellent article on the highs and increasing lows of the synthetic marijuana ‘legal high’ industry in the Broward Palm Beach New Times.
The piece is an in-depth account of how a legal high company called Mr. Nice Guy became the biggest fake pot manufacturer in the US.
It describes in detail how the business created and sold the product – only to fall foul of the rush ban on the first wave of synthetic cannabinoids.
The company was eventually raided by the Drugs Enforcement Agency and is waiting for the case to be tried in court. However, it’s still not clear whether they actually broke the law.
They changed their formula a few months before the raid to use two cannabinoids, called UR-144 and 5-fluoro-ur-144, which are not specifically covered by the current ban, so the prosecutors have to argue that they are close enough to the prohibited molecules to be illegal.
A curious point not mentioned in the article is that cannabinoid 5-fluoro-ur-144, also known as XLR-11, had never previously been described in the scientific literature and was first detected in synthetic marijuana.
It is listed by companies that sell research chemicals (for example, here) so you can buy it straight from the commercials labs.
But the data sheet makes it clear that structurally it is “expected to be a cannabinoid” but actually, it has never been tested – nothing is known about its effects or toxicity.
Previously, grey-market labs were picking out legal chemicals confirmed to be cannabinoids from the scientific literature and synthesizing them to sell to legal high manufacturers.
But now, they are pioneering their own molecules, based on nothing but an educated guess on how they might affect the brain, for the next wave of legislation-dodging drugs.
Fake pot smokers are now first-line drug testers for these completely new compounds.
DREAM WARRIOR CHRONICLES : I had taken on the disease concept of Alcholics Anonymous and made my first attempts at the steps.
Middlesbrough Bills kindness and friendship amazed me.This was a time of uncertainty and was my first tentative steps without alcohol. This was a strange different world that I didn’t fit into. My whole life had been built up around alcohol every minute of every day.The description of myself would always have drink associated to it.My business was alcohol consumption in all its varied forms. I nearly said friends but my associates were drinking partners.Long heavy drinking sessions were my norm, or had been. I longed for the old conviviality of the public house whose smoky atmosphere conjured up feelings of social acceptance, shared secrets and understanding winks. The alternative was meetings and drunkalogs. An acceptance that somehow I had crossed some invisible line. Social invitations started to reappear to drink inducing wine tasteings.New launches of exotic and not so exotic wines,spirits and beers.
The restoration of health the bleeding had stopped and yet the dry heaves returned at the slightest amount of stress. I buried myself into the meetings frightened by the new reality of my situation. I had taken on the disease concept of Alcholics Anonymous and made my first attempts at the steps. My sponsor had had little experience but freely shared what he had. I understood very little my head was foggy and my reasoning suspect. I reacted with an alcoholic mind to fears,projections of impendin g doom. I worked hard to produce the worst possible outcomes.The meetings were sparsely attended many people relapsed and the resulting deaths,incarcerations proved the adage that alcoholism was progressive.I kept attending meetings as my business life imploded, in my drunkenness I had confided in the wrong people. Thieves had seen the opportunity of a boss who was seldom sober and unresponsable. The unmanageability of a drunken life had spilled into a business life with catastrophic results. Explanations of my behaviour were asked for and then demanded.The blackouts I had so earnestly sort now became liabilities.People appeared to tell of some outrageos episode with someone I could not recollect.I became frightened and confused not understanding that try as I might I had little to no memory of events, the people or the circumstances.
Yet this was sometimes a lie.A brief techicolour flash of a moment when I had come out of a blackout then returned.Flashing headlights angry shouts and then nothing. Flickering firelight in an derelict house. A pool table in an underground cavern.I shuddered at these brief insights into a sots life.Much of this I kept to myself as I tossed in sleepless nights. Tortured by fear and anxiety what would happen to me. What had I become.
The big book of alcoholics anonymous was my constant companion somewhere buried in its pages was an answer but where and how did it apply to me. It told me about the problem , but I was blind to the solution. Yet it gave me some consolation telling me threw its stories that I was not alone. I started to develop a belief in the book. All I could see around me was devastation. Each day brought with a new round of problems which I was ill equipped to deal with. Honesty was starting to glimmer into my life, but the reality of honesty frightened me. Bill had told me to find God.How and where do you find God?
Stress can be physical,And then there’s the kind that’s in our heads — that OMG I’m so overwhelmed right now feeling. While psychological stress has some definite downsides (chronic freak-outs may increase our risk for cancer and other diseases), take a moment to exhale. In moderate amounts, stress can boost our focus, energy, and even our powers of intuition.
Still, in some cases, stress does more than light a productivity-boosting fire under our butts. Both emotional and physical stress activate our central nervous system, causing a “natural high,” says Concordia University neuroscientist and addiction specialist Jim Pfaus. “By activating our arousal and attention systems,” Pfaus says, “stressors can also wake up the neural circuitry underlying wanting and craving — just like drugs do.”
This may be why, experts believe, some of us come to like stress a little too much.
Type A and Type D personalities — or people prone to competitiveness, anxiety, and depression — may be most likely to get a high from stressful situations, says stress management specialist Debbie Mandel. Stress “addicts,” Mandel says, “may also be using endless to-do lists to avoid less-easy-to-itemize problems — feelings of inadequacy, family conflicts, or other unresolved personal issues.”
Some stress junkies have difficulty listening to others, concentrating, and even sleeping because they can’t put tomorrow’s agenda out of their minds, explains Mandel. Others tend to use exaggerated vocabulary — craaazy busy right now, workload’s insane!! And some begin to feel anxious at the mere thought of slowing down their schedule.
But psychologist and addiction researcher Stanton Peele cautions against labeling anyone a stress addict. “Only when that pursuit of stress has a significant negative impact on your life could it qualify as addiction,” he said, adding that many people are able to effectively manage — and in fact thrive under — high stress conditions. (Think: Olympic athletes or President Obama.)
Study: Stress Shrinks the Brain and Lowers Our Ability to Cope with Adversity
For budding stress “addicts” or for those who just, well, feel overwhelmed, here are some tips to dial down that anxiety:
- Seek professional help if you’re verging on burnout. (Not only can hashing it out with a therapist take a load off your mind. Some studies suggest it also boosts physical fitness.)
- Do something creative. Mandel recommends carving out a once-weekly time not to think about tomorrow’s agenda by painting, cooking, writing, dancing, or anything else that’ll take you off the clock temporarily.
- Take it outside. Numerous studies show spending time in nature improves general well-being, lowers anxiety, stress and depression, and even boosts self-confidence. Especially for women. (As it turns out, most addiction recovery centers offer outdoor-immersion programs.)
- Calm down quickly. If you really don’t have time for any of the above, these 40 tricks to chill take five minutes or less.
Some of us may seek out stress a bit more excessively than others and struggle to just relax. It takes skill to handle hectic agendas and long lists of responsibilities — without losing sleep or feeling frazzled. So try these tips and try not to freak out.
Worried that you or someone you know seeks out stress a little too much? Think stress addiction is a myth? Tell us about it in the comments section below.
For those red wine drinkers who’ve been feeling morally superior about all the health benefits of the relaxing glass or two sipped during dinner, there’s some bad news on the horizon.
Turns out, those glasses of wine would be a lot healthier if they were non-alcoholic, a new study shows. Spanish researchers led by Gemma Chiva-Blanch of the University of Barcelona found that non-alcoholic red wine reduced blood pressure in men at high risk for heart disease better than standard red wine or gin, according to the study published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation Research. Although the reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure was modest, decreases of just 4 and 2 mm Hg have been associated with a 14 to 20 percent reduction in heart disease and stroke, the researchers pointed out. “The daily consumption of dealcoholized red wine could be useful for the prevention of low to moderate hypertension,” they concluded. Although there have been many studies on the impact of moderate drinking on health, the findings have been mixed, with some studies showing a benefit and others suggesting none. The new study found that 3 ounces of gin a day had no impact on blood pressure, while consumption of regular red wine led to a small, but not statistically significant, improvement. The new study suggests that if you’re going to have a drink, red wine would be the healthiest choice, said Dr. Kelly Anne Spratt, a heart disease prevention specialist and a clinical associate professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Still, Spratt said, “while there are those of us in cardiology who believe in the benefits of red wine, we want to be wary. We’re not going like gangbusters recommending people go out and start drinking. There are a lot of problems associated with drinking, like weight gain, cardiomyopathy, alcoholism, an increased breast cancer risk in women who consume two or more drinks a day.” Chiva-Blanch and her colleagues suspect that blood pressure improvements were due to the impact of polyphenols, a red wine component, on nitric oxide. The theory is that nitric oxide molecules help blood vessels relax, which allows better flow and more blood to reach the heart and other organs. For the new study, Chiva-Blanch and her colleagues followed 67 men with diabetes or three or more cardiovascular risk factors. During the study, the men were all required to consume the same foods along with one of three drinks: 10 ounces of red wine, 10 ounces of non-alcoholic red wine or 3 ounces of gin. During the 12 week study, the men tried each diet/beverage combination for four weeks at a time. The researchers determined that the standard red wine and its nonalcoholic counterpart contained equal amounts of polyphenols, an antioxidant which has been shown to decrease blood pressure. Men who drank regular red wine saw minor reductions in blood pressure – too small, in fact, to be statistically significant. Those who drank gin with their meals saw no change in blood pressure. But men who drank non-alcoholic red wine saw a blood pressure decrease of about 6 mm Hg in systolic and 2 mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure. Chiva-Blanch and her colleagues concluded that their findings show that the alcohol in red wine actually weakens its ability to lower blood pressure.
pornography addiction, phone sex, or online affairs or the more overt behaviors like exhibitionism, prostitutes, strip clubs or massage parlors
pornography addiction, phone sex, or online affairs or the more overt behaviors like exhibitionism, prostitutes, strip clubs or massage parlors, there is no way you are going to see yourself as “enabling” such behavior.
You are probably going to feel justifiably shocked and victimized. There is no way you would want to make it easier for the addict to act out sexually. Who would want their partner to betray their trust, waste time and money and maybe bring home a disease?
The original meaning of “enabling”
In the drug and alcohol addiction field there was the stereotype of the “alcoholic wife” who “enabled” her husband’s alcoholism by taking over for him when he could not function, calling in sick for him when he was hung over, and otherwise cleaning up after the him. In other words giving “help” that perpetuates the problem by rescuing the addict and thereby protecting him or her from the need to confront the consequences.
How can you enable something you don’t know exists?
Most sex addicts have a secret, compartmentalized sex life. The partners and spouses of the addict are unaware that the addict is leading a double life until something makes them suspicious or they stumble on some damning evidence. Furthermore, most partners’ first instinct to be trusting and supportive and even if the relationship is going badly.
One could argue that the partner should have suspected that there was something wrong and that they were wearing blinders, but sex addicts are very good at covering their tracks. Alcoholics and drug addicts most often show some pretty overt signs of the problem, whereas sex addicts may not.
Being an unwitting accomplice
The most likely way in which you can enable your partner’s sex addiction is without your knowing it. This is not your fault. It happens all the time. The addict may be relatively free to carry on his or her addictive sexual behavior due to circumstances in the relationship that you did not seek out.
For example, each of you may be very involved in career, work or children. This is a good thing, but it can mean that you have less time together and that you fall into a kind of routine in which your life together is more of a partnership and there is not so much time for being alone together and building intimacy. This very common situation leaves the sex addict a lot of opportunity to pursue his or her addiction. It works for the addict.
Alternatively, you and or your partner are involved in a complicated web of drama and resulting interpersonal chaos. This can be a leftover from past involvements, emotional turmoil involving family and friends, or other drama that you can’t really seem to do anything about. This atmosphere of drama and intrigue can also make it easier for a sex addict’s secret behavior to go unnoticed.
How you can get cast in a “supporting” role
If you are in a relationship with a sex addict they were either already acting out sexually before the relationship or they had long-standing problems around attachment and intimacy that were the basis for the addiction to emerge. This means that they would gravitate toward a partner and a style of relationship that would be compatible with a secret sexual life.
Your sex addict partner probably genuinely loves you, but as depressing as it may be to think of it this way, he or she was unconsciously drawn to you partly because of the ways in which your life situation, work style or interpersonal style could potentially leave room for and even “justify” the addiction.
It will be part of sex addiction recovery at some point for both addict and partner to examine and understand all the dynamics of the relationship that supported the addiction and to do so without assigning blame.
Like alcohol and drug addiction, Internet obsession is also real. It does affect poorly the lives of internet addicts and their families by becoming the reason for divorce, job loss, declining productivity at work, failure in school, and, in extreme cases, criminal behavior. Reached at the level of epidemic in the United States, this problem continues to grow as more households and business firms go on-line.
Today, we have brought forth a list of Books that will help netizens to act against Internet Addiction. Inspiring and informative, these books are a useful resource for those who are at initial stage of the addiction as well as a helpful ‘web rehab’ for those who are already entangled in the same.
Cyber Junkie: Escape the Gaming and Internet Trap – Video gaming and Internet surfing are the top sources of entertainment for tens of millions of North Americans today. With the growing trend of these high-tech activities, more and more people are becoming obsessed with video games and the internet, isolating themselves, turning their backs on reality, ignoring family and friends, and losing sleep and even their jobs. In this groundbreaking book, recovering video game addict Kevin Roberts uses extensive scientific and social research, complemented by his and others’ personal stories, to give compulsive gamers and surfers, and their family and friends – a step-by-step guidelines for recovery.
The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains – In this book, Nicholas Carr has discussed in detail on the topic “As we enjoy the Net’s bounties, are we sacrificing our ability to read and think deeply?” He explains how the printed book served to focus our attention, promoting deep and creative thought, but, in stark contrast, the Internet encourages the rapid, distracted sampling of small bits of information from many sources. We are becoming ever more adept at scanning and skimming, but what we are losing is our capacity for concentration, contemplation, and reflection.
Caught in the Net: How to Recognize the Signs of Internet Addiction–and a Winning Strategy for Recovery – Seeing the speedily growing mouth of the Internet addiction, author Kimberly Young chronicles in this book the results of her three-year study of Internet abuse. Often using the words of the Internet addicts, she presents the stories of dozens of lives that were shattered by an overwhelming compulsion to surf the Net, play MUD games, or chat with distant and invisible neighbors in the timeless limbo of cyberspace. She has also offered in the book a questionnaire to help Net users determine whether they are addicts, and discusses concrete steps to help problem users regulate Internet usage and devise a more balanced place for it in their daily lives.
Internet Addiction: A Handbook and Guide to Evaluation and Treatment – In this book, Kimberly Young discusses on the problems such as online gaming compulsion, cybersex addiction, and gambling addiction. Providing an integrated and current overview of the different types of Internet addiction, this book asserts that an extensive attention to deal with adolescents is essential, given the rapid rise in media and technology use by both Net Generation young adults and iGeneration teenagers. This book not only help us in evaluating Internet Addiction but also offers guidelines for proper treatment.
In the Shadows of the Net: Breaking Free of Compulsive Online Sexual Behavior – As Internet usage has exploded in recent years, so has the prevalence of compulsive online sexual behavior, a problem first addressed five years ago by Patrick Carnes and coauthors in the first edition of this book. Updated with the latest information, trends, and developments, the second edition equips readers with specific strategies for recognizing and changing compulsive sexual behaviors. Personal stories reveal how distressed life can become for online sex addicts with the issues like divorce, career loss, and financial ruin. Invariably, the authors set forth in this book a path for breaking free from compulsive online sexual behavior and sustaining lifelong recovery.
A recent study suggests that cannabis use causes lower IQ in under 18s. It also lowers acknowledgement of alternative explanations
Cannabis reduces IQ (and appreciation of context)
I tried cannabis once. I've never been keen on smoking or illicit drug use, but I was at a party and a bit drunk at the time, my inhibitions were lowered. Someone offered me a drag/toke/puff (delete as appropriate) on a joint/spliff/reefer (again, delete as appropriate), so I thought, why not?
Why is 'why not?' always assumed to be a rhetorical question? I remember being unnerved by the feeling that I was slowly sinking into a chair, then laughed myself hoarse because I saw another friend walk through a door (said friend was gay, and he 'came out' of the other room... it seemed hilarious at the time). I ended the evening face down on the bathroom floor. I wasn't sick or anything, I just found the cool tiles immensely soothing, so stayed there for about 90 minutes.
The above experience(s), coupled with the fact that I don't like feeling as if I've been breathing through a Volvo's exhaust pipe all night, meant that cannabis wasn't really for me. But that's not to say that I condemn others who indulge in it. Some of the smartest and most talented people I know are regular cannabis users, and have been for years.
But this personal observation seemingly runs contrary to a new study recently published that suggests that young cannabis users run the risk of a lower IQ. In what is an impressively long-term cohort study, it was found that "those who started using cannabis below the age of 18 - while their brains were still developing - suffered a drop in IQ".
It does sound like an impressive study, and any study maintained over 2 decades deserves kudos for that alone. But as always, a news story written for the general public is going to leave out some important scientific points, as well as potentially raising some issues.
Firstly, as is often said, correlation does not imply causation. Just because those who smoked cannabis as teenagers were recorded as having lower IQs, doesn't automatically mean that cannabis intakecauses lower IQ. Measuring IQ is often a slippery subject, let alone working out what sort of things affect it. For example, as bizarre as it may seem, height is apparently positively correlated with IQ. That is, taller people seem to be more intelligent, according to IQ tests. Why is this? It's uncertain. You may think it's a bit contrived to use height as an example in a discussion about cannabis. But then, cannabis is typically smoked. And what stunts your growth…?
Studies of large populations are tricky, it's practically impossible to rule out ALL variables that affect a typical human. Some large studies have revealed a link between cannabis use and psychiatric disorders likepsychosis and schizophrenia. It's still uncertain as to how this might occur. It's logical to assume that regular intake of mind-altering chemicals will alter your mind for the worse, eventually. But it may be possible that people prone to or suffering from these psychiatric disorders are self-medicating, using the effects of the drugs to alleviate the symptoms of the psychiatric illness. It becomes a question of what came first; the schizophrenic chicken or the constantly-stoned egg?
The study is undoubtedly a good one and will produce a lot of interesting analysis and discussion for years to come. On the down side, it's likely that this finding has already been stripped of any meaningful scientific context by anti-drug campaigners and politicians looking to score easy points.
Defending drugs is rarely a good move politically, and anti-drug legislation often occurs without the support of scientific evidence. Contrastingly, any scientific finding that suggests drug use may have detrimental effects is seized upon and often exaggerated, sometimes toludicrous extents. And you know there'll soon be leaflets going around schools that explicitly state that cannabis makes you stupid.
Warning those at a vulnerable age about the potential dangers of drugs is, undoubtedly, a wise thing to do. But the way drugs are oftenportrayed as nothing but harmful and damaging is quite disconcerting; it suggests that taking drugs is akin to trying to increase the speed of your computer by pouring coffee over the motherboard; you're going to experience a lot of new sights, sounds and smells, but cause irreversible damage in the process.
That's not how it works. Many drugs are effective because they work on systems in the brain that are already there. Opiates like heroin work onopiate receptors, cocaine affects the dopamine system (amongst others). The brain and body have evolved over millions of years to recognise and utilise these chemicals, and drugs typically work because they are analogous to the substances that occur naturally in our bodies. E.g. cannabis works because the brain has endogenous cannabinoids.
Our own internal, natural cannabinoids seem to have a variety of functions, from memory processing, pain relief to reproduction. The full extent and role of our cannabinoid system is still being researched, but one interesting theory I heard as a student is that cannabinoids are crucial for babies to survive the birthing process. Think about it. Cannabis relaxes you, relieves pain and gives you 'The Munchies' (an often amusing phenomenon, I once saw 5 stoned guys get through a crate of 20 year old army surplus tinned steak, which looked and smelled just like dog food, only somehow worse). When you're born, your universe has suddenly gone from a warm, dark sac to this bright airy void with these strange giant creatures fondling you. And you've just been bodily squeezed through a very narrow space. Also, you have to start eating on your own now, but you've never done that and haven't the cognitive or physical capacity to be instructed. This should be too traumatic an experience for a fragile human to endure, unless they were flooded with a chemical which makes you chilled out, limits pain and makes you want to eat copiously without knowing why.
An interesting theory, and one that produces an amusing contradiction in that cannabis is supposedly dangerous for under-18s but crucial for new-borns. But although there is some data to suggest that cannabinoids are important for babies and development, I can't find any mention of the 'crucial for the birth process' theory anywhere.
Maybe I should keep looking, but thinking back, it does have the weird-but-logical quality of the sort of idea someone with neurological knowledge would come up with while, ironically, severely stoned. Maybe I came up with it myself at that party?
It's important to keep in mind the scientific context of drug use. Many drugs can be damaging, but then, the majority of recreational drugs were introduced for their medical applications. It's not always a clearcut case of "drugs = bad thing", there are numerous other variables to consider. And taking drugs isn't like throwing a wrench into the workings of the brain, but more like adjusting the settings of it. This can be just as damaging in many cases, but it's not a simple black-and-white matter as is often implied. Telling teenagers that drugs will definitely damage could backfire if they take them anyway and find out that this isn't the case. As I mentioned previously, it's unwise to patronise teenagers in this way, they recognise when they're being screwed over. They're not stupid.
That is, apparently, unless they regularly smoke cannabis. But in that case, your anti-drug message has clearly already failed, so you might as well move on.
The US government cannot force tobacco firms to put large graphic health warnings on cigarette packages, an appeals court in Washington has ruled.
It said the government's plan undermined free speech in America.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had wanted to put nine pictures of dead and diseased smokers to convey the dangers of cigarettes.
But tobacco firms had argued that the images went beyond factual information and into anti-smoking advocacy.
The ruling comes as a number of other countries have ordered similar pictures to be placed on all cigarette packets.
Australia has gone a step further, banning even tobacco company logos from the cartons.
The US Court of Appeals affirmed an earlier lower court ruling in a 2-1 decision.
It said the case raised "novel questions about the scope of the government's authority to force the manufacturer of a product to go beyond making purely factual and accurate commercial disclosures and undermine its own economic interest".
The court said that in this case it was "by making every single pack of cigarettes in the country a mini billboard for the government's anti-smoking message".
It added that the FDA "has not provided a shred of evidence" that the images would directly advance its policy aimed at reducing the number of smokers in America.
The verdict was welcomed by tobacco companies, with Lorrilard Tobacco's describing it as "a significant vindication of First Amendment principles".
The FDA has so far made no public comment on whether it intends to appeal against the ruling in the US Supreme Court.
Researchers completing a new study on alcohol consumption have discovered that college-age students who binge drink are happier than those who don't.
Those who engaged in binge drinking tend to belong to so-called high-status groups: wealthy, white, male and active in fraternity life. And those who did not belong to the high-status groups could achieve similar levels of social acceptance through the act of binge drinking. In fact, the study results suggest that students engaged in the heavy drinking practice to elevate their social status amongst peers rather than to alleviate depression or anxiety.
"The present study offers another insight into the nature of a seemingly intractable social problem," the study released on Monday reads. "It is our hope that by drawing attention to the important social motivations underlying binge drinking, institutional administrators and public health professionals will be able to design and implement programs for students that take into account the full range of reasons that students binge drink."
The Washington Post reports that the study's co-author and Colgate University associate professor Carolyn Hsu presented some of the findings during the American Sociological Association gathering in Denver last week.
Interestingly, the study results compiled from surveying 1,600 college students also continues to support past evidence suggesting that binge drinking leads to a number of problems affecting the mind and body, including alcoholism, violence, poor grades and risky sexual behavior.
"I would guess it has to do with feeling like you belong and whether or not you're doing what a 'real' college student does," Hsu told LiveScience. "It seems to be more about certain groups getting to define what that looks like."
Binge drinking was defined as consuming more than four drinks in one occasion for women and more than five drinks for men. Sixty-four percent of respondents said they had engaged in the practice, compared with 36 percent who said they had not.
Those statistics differ from similar evidence gathered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC's statistics measure binge drinking in the same quantity but limit the consumption period to two hours or fewer. Its results also found that the majority of binge drinkers (70 percent) were over the age of 26. The CDC has also found that 90 percent of alcohol consumed by people under the age of 21 is done in the form of binge drinking, compared with 75 percent among all U.S. adults.
- ‘‘Swallowing cocaine is the equivalent of putting a gun to your head,’’
- prostitute seeking fame on The X Factor was yesterday exposed as a cocaine user, before she was kicked out of the competition on last night’s show.
- ‘Bath salt’ drugs could enter Canada, experts worry
- assortment of synthetic cocaine, commonly known as “bath salts,” includes brands such as Tranquility, White Girl and White Rush.
- Trey Anastasio
- dode or doda, an opium-derived drug popular in Canada’s South-Asian community, is easily available and can be bought cheaply by anyone
- form of flesh-eating cocaine has afflicted drug users in New York and Los Angeles, causing purple areas of dying flesh.
- Brian Regan: Brookside star to cocaine addict
- Steve-O has been hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
- Natina Reed From Blaque Arrested For Cocaine Possession & Prostitution | The Urban Daily
'Hatchet' Gerard Kavanagh shot dead in Costa del Sol pub - Gerard Kavanagh was shot dead in a bar on the Costa del Sol Notorious gangster Gerard “Hatchet” Kavanagh was gunned down by two masked assassins yesterda...
Officers from the Guardia Civil in Torrevieja have arrested one of their own officers, accused of trafficking drugs. - Officers from the Guardia Civil in Torrevieja have arrested one of their own officers, accused of trafficking drugs. A search of the officer’s home reveal...
Codependent Personality Disorder
American Institute of Stress
Divorce Support Line
The Alcoholic Home
- ;CHILDREN as young as eight years are starting to use drugs
- 'Bath salts' addict warns of street drug's dangers
- 'Britain's war against Afghan opium production is failing'
- 'Cops will subpoena Sheen's records to see if he was using drugs as part of their investigation into what happened that night with Walsh
- 'El Chapo' Guzman
- 'Harm Reduction Kit'
- 'I'm the law - I can do anything.
- 'You wouldn't inject your children with junk ... So why are you feeding it to them
- ‘Bath salt’ drugs could enter Canada
- ‘Slob’ Simmons had sex sickness says Ace
- "'Shake and Bake'. It's a new way to cook and make methamphetamine
- "liquid heroin" and "cheese".
- "The hip-hop star said he would employ pal Emory Jones at his Roc Apparel Group - paying him $50
- “blackout in a can
- ” includes brands such as Tranquility
- ” or “liquid crack.”
- £100 million worth of drugs are smuggled into prisons every year
- £5million London mansion
- 000 addicts who sought detox and/or heroin rehab for their heroin habit.
- 000 advertising programme
- 000 and a shotgun
- 000 cannabis farm was discovered on Teesside.
- 000 from John Stamos says she had a photo of the actor snorting cocaine
- 000 heart attack deaths
- 000 hits ofLSD
- 000 on a 30 litre bottle of champagne at a London club
- 000 people face alcohol death risk
- 000 Plus In Pot
- 000 pounds as incapacity benefits because smoking cannabis made him too depressed to work.
- 000 prisoners are being kept dependent on drugs by the prison service
- 000 USD-a-year
- 000 worth of cocaine into Scotland in kiddies marker pens
- 1 addict is born each hour in US
- 14-year-old Alaska girl was in critical condition days after a 26-year-old man injected her with heroin at his Anchorage home
- 140 pubs and clubs will be visited over the next four weeks
- 2 Dogs Mistaken for Cocaine
- 2 fatal heroin overdoses raise alarm
- 200 cash
- 2009 at HAVEN in Merrill
- 24-year-old son of Hudson County Sheriff Juan Perez was arrested tonight on possession of cocaine charges
- 2nd deadly rehab fire of year
- 300 Economists Say
- 42 confirmed cases of anthrax in heroin users
- 5 Pinoy 'drug mules' on death row in China
- 5 Signs You’re Getting Addicted to Your Pain Medication
- 6 arrested on drug charges after Mount Pocono shooting
- 716 1/2 W. Main St.
- 800 pints in a lifetime
- a BBC investigation has revealed.
- a condition that makes the immune system incapable of fighting off infections
- a conviction for burglary
- A coroner warned cocaine use has become too common among young people after hearing a teenager killed herself and a friend in a road crash while high on the drug.
- A Cure for Addiction to Sweet Drinks
- a decongestant found in over-the-counter cold medicines
- a Diamond Bar resident
- A drug user has died in a Lancashire hospital after being infected with anthrax
- A father-of-two infuriated a judge after it had emerged that he has pocketed 16
- A fifth of young drug users admit to taking substances without having any idea of what they contain
- a film about addiction
- A former lover of David Cameron became a nun after beating an alcohol and drug addiction
- A man who killed his friend when he injected him with heroin has been jailed for a total of five years.
- a member of pop group Girlicious
- A mind-altering drug banned in Britain two years ago is being blamed for the spate of cannibal attacks in America.
- a naked man attempting to strangle his partner and brawls.
- A Nation 'Addicted' To Statins...
- A New York woman
- A recent study suggests that cannabis use causes lower IQ in under 18s. It also lowers acknowledgement of alternative explanations
- A sex addicted former district attorney from Wisconsin
- A SHEPHERD'S Bush drug addict has been found guilty of stabbing his friend to death and trying to cover up his crime by torching the flat.
- a survey has revealed.
- about $100
- abuse of cough syrups (codeine)
- academics and lawyers says current drugs laws stigmatise people and damage communities
- according to controversial advice from the government'sdrugs advisory body.
- according to researchers in the US.
- According to the controversial TV host and author
- accused of carrying out a string of burglaries was addicted to heroin
- Actor Charlie Sheen's estranged wife
- Actor Joo Ji-hoon
- actor's lawyer Mark Werksman
- Ad campaign shows smoking's scary side
- Addicted in Hollywood: Fame
- Addicted to stress
- ADDICTION charity Focus12 has received a huge financial boost after a codumentary about Russell Brand was shown last night.
- Addiction could be due to inheritance
- Addiction doesn’t excuse disgraced Bishop Raymond Lahey
- Addiction Identified as Chronic Brain Disorder
- Addiction Recovery
- Addiction's Brain Abnormalities Can Be Reversed
- Addictive painkiller sales surge in new parts of U.S.
- Addicts may have glitch in frontal brain
- admitted conspiracy to supply heroin and cannabis and was jailed for 10 years
- Afghan heroin kingpin convicted in U.S. court
- afraid of a shadowy group he believes is responsible for killing a number of his Hollywood friends
- After being on the run for 15 years
- age of miracles
- Agents arrest six in California medical marijuana chain
- Aging and addicted
- Alarm sounded over black tar heroin use Cartels find market among young and rich
- Alastair Campbell on drink: 'I paid a heavy price'
- Albert Hetrick
- Alberta health officials will no longer hand out free crack pipes to addicts in Calgary.
- alcohol abuse
- Alcohol ban urged for young drivers
- Alcohol fuels rise in British arrests abroad
- Alcohol Health Alliance
- alcohol in red wine actually weakens its ability to lower blood pressure.
- Alcohol policy in tatters as health experts revolt
- Alcohol the only drug that kills on withdrawal:Winehouse's dad says he thinks seizure killed her
- Alcoholics Anonymous
- Alleged Heroin Dealer Shot Twice By Police
- allegedly high on “bath salts”
- also known as DMX
- although controversial
- America's Worst Tattoos features grammatically-incorrect mottos
- American Indian tribes
- American singer JIMMY BAUER has been detained at a Dominican airport on suspicion of attempting to smuggle cocaine to the U.S. in his stomach.
- American soldiers seeking treatment for opiate abuse has skyrocketed over the past five years
- Americans are addicted to everything from shopping
- Amy Winehouse 'spent £1 million on drugs in three years`
- Amy Winehouse died during detox?
- Amy Winehouse Foundation to help addicts is planned by singer's father
- Amy Winehouse had no illegal drugs in body when she died
- Amy Winehouse leaves £2 million fortune behind
- Amy Winehouse’s appetites for music and self-destruction often came in equal measure.
- an accused cocaine dealer who used to live in Henrico is in custody.
- An antidote to heroin overdoses should be made widely available without prescription
- ANC national spokesman Jackson Mthembu has broken his silence about his son’s devastating drug addiction
- And Beer
- and certain processed fatty foods
- and Jacob Sur
- and muscle aches?
- and Prescription Drugs in System at Time of Death
- and some ADHD medication thrown in for good measure.
- and the Cycle of Addiction
- Andrey Nevsky
- Angry Birds” – which is basically a drone that has been specially developed to take down drug-running ultralight airplanes that are utilized by gangs in order to smuggle illegal substances
- Anna Malova was released on Friday by a Manhattan courthouse and headed straight for a year of inpatient addiction treatment at a Bronx drug-treatment program.
- anthrax-infected heroin
- anthrax-infected heroin health scare which has seen seven people die in Scotland so far with another 14 hospitalised
- Anti-obesity campaigns ''aren't working''
- any press is good press
- Are you addicted to your smartphone?
- argues man on treatment should be hired
- armed men raided a drug rehabilitation centre
- Army probes drug use by soldiers in Afghanistan
- Army Records Show
- Arnold Schwarzenegger's proposal to eliminate state funding for treating heroin addicts
- arrested Tara L. Reynolds
- ARRESTED: BEN COUSINS HAS BEEN CHARGED WITH POSSESSION OF CANNABIS AND A SMOKING IMPLEMENT.
- as seen in this footage received from the Peruvian government.
- assortment of synthetic cocaine
- at King's Health Partners in London
- Aussie Edward Norman Myatt was 'unaware' of Bali drug penalties
- Australia's binge-drinking culture
- Australian man was sentenced to 18 years in jail by an Indonesian court on Monday for smuggling drugs into the resort island of Bali.
- Australian Michael Sacatides has reacted with shock after being hit with a heavier jail term than expected
- Australian soldier serving in Afghanistan may have overdosed on drugs
- Authorities also confiscated 46.23 pounds of cocaine.
- Authorities in Mali have arrested four people after an aircraft loaded with 10 tonnes of cocaine crashed in the country in 2009
- B.C. skipper linked to cocaine shipment posed beside pile of cash
- Bad ecstasy’ warning after north man dies
- Bad heroin kills two in Vancouver: police
- Bad heroin may be making the rounds in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside
- Bai Ling: Why I’m on ‘Celebrity Rehab
- BALI Nine drug mule Martin Stephens' final appeal
- Bali Nine Stephens to make final appeal
- BALIi Nine ringleader Andrew Chan is said to be relaxed despite losing a final appeal against his death sentence.
- Bangkok-based drug-users support group
- bar none
- bath salts
- bath salts and teens: Lethal combination
- Bath Salts: A new designer drug hits Belltown
- BBC exposes tobacco crime gangs in Scotland
- beach-goer found $2.1 million worth of cocaine
- because God is watching
- before she was kicked out of the competition on last night’s show.
- Beijing will execute as early as Monday a Japanese man convicted last year of drug trafficking
- Being optimistic can save your life
- Belinda Carlisle Beat a 30-Year Drug Habit
- Beverly Hills
- Big Book Sponsorship has helped hundreds of thousands of people with addiction.
- Billionaire Tetra Pak heir Hans Kristian Rausing may have lived with the body of his wife Eva for a week
- Blocking Out Drugs?
- Bloomberg Backs Plan to Limit Arrests for Marijuana
- bludgeoned his girlfriend to death and then stole her ATM card to buy crack cocaine
- Blue tablets which left 14 people needing emergency hospital treatment in Fort William are still being used
- Blues legend Gary Moore died after drink binge
- Bob Probert
- Bobby Brown Glad to Be 'Off the Heroin
- body builds up a tolerance for heroin
- bolstered by a wider £269
- booze and pills' in final months
- Booze blitz sees 251 arrests in NSW
- Boozy films 'turn children into drinkers'
- Boxing champion Oscar de la Hoya has 10 world titles and one Olympic gold medal to his name. But this week he said he’s fighting his toughest opponents yet: depression and addiction.
- Boy George
- Brain scans may show addiction to soda
- Breaking Free of the Co-dependency Trap
- Breast implant scandal: taxpayers face £100 million bill
- Brian Regan: Brookside star to cocaine addict
- Britain highest cocaine use in the European Union
- Britain's FBI 'abandoned chasing crime Mr Bigs because it's too difficult'
- British cities are becoming no-go areas where drugs gangs are effectively in control
- British rocker Pete Doherty has been warned he faces a return to jail after he pleaded guilty to possessing cocaine on Friday.
- British troops in Helmand province's Camp Bastion were allegedly involved in a large heroin-smuggling operation
- British troops' role in the smuggling of heroin from southern Afghanistan could no longer be kept under wraps
- British Woman Pregnant From Prison Rape Faces Execution in Laos for Drug Smuggling
- Briton Khuram Antonio Khan Garcia
- Britons drink 5
- broke down in tears today
- Broke Mueller
- Brooke Mueller Flips Out Over Charlie
- brown crystalline mephedrone
- Bruno Mars
- Buddha declared
- burnt-out wreckage of a Boeing 727
- Busts on rise for khat
- but I didn't
- but it's not a drug overdose
- Cab driver Lascell Malcolm
- Caleb Followill's Kings Of Leon bandmates 'want him to go to rehab to deal with drink problem
- California Highway Patrol
- Calvin Klein’s ex checks into rehab post-arrest
- Cambodia opens first methadone clinic for heroin users
- Cambridge program
- Cameron has been locked up since last year
- Campaign headed by actors
- Can a hallucinogen from Africa cure addiction?
- Can a parent save their child from addiction
- Can Alcohol Kill You
- Canada and Colombia
- Canada has joined Colombia as a leading exporter of synthetic or designer drugs
- Canada’s top organized crime groups are recruiting workers at Pearson and other major airports to help them smuggle drugs and contraband into the country
- Canadian businessmen charged with drug smuggling
- Canadian researchers have discovered the genes responsible for crucial steps in the manufacture of morphine by poppies
- Cannabis: Britain's growth industry
- Castle Craig Hospital in the Borders.
- Cat Marnell
- Cato report's author
- causing purple areas of dying flesh.
- Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
- Celebrity Rehab
- Cellphones replace smokes as the addiction of choice
- central Illinois
- Centre County Jail
- charity worker employed by one of David Cameron’s Big Society gurus has been arrested on suspicion of smuggling cocaine with a street value of £120
- Charlie Sheen 'Doesn't Think He's Going to Die
- Charlie Sheen Found in Bathroom with Cocaine Before Hotel Outburst | TheCelebrityCafe.com
- Charlie Sheen is going to die this week
- CHARLIE Sheen is in rehab over his alleged problems with cocaine and alcohol.
- Charlie Sheen Worth More as a Trainwreck
- Charlie Sheen's bizarre rooftop antics after axe
- Cheap drugs abroad could pay for break
- chemical jihad on Britain
- CHEMICAL produced in Wales is being used by law enforcement agencies throughout the world to identify smuggled stashes of cocaine.
- Child actors
- children are being taken before the youth courts for trivial reasons.
- Children recognise alcohol brand images
- Children who spend more than two hours a day in front of the computer or television are more likely to experience psychological difficulties
- Chile defender Roberto Cereceda has tested positive for cocaine and faces a two-year suspension
- China and Singapore
- Cigarette packaging: an invitation to addiction
- Cigarette Price Increase: New Zealand Government Discusses $100 A Packet Pricing
- claims a new study.
- clutching a s50 wrap of cocaine
- CNN reporter
- Coachella Valley Music Arts Festival
- Cocaine Addiction
- Cocaine addiction among British women has skyrocketed by almost two-thirds in the past four years.
- Cocaine addicts vaccine that makes immune system see drug as 'intruder'
- cocaine and heroin.
- cocaine and ketamine' on the night before tragic death
- Cocaine bag burst kills smuggler
- Cocaine found in Houston's body
- Cocaine May Age the Brain
- cocaine trafficking syndicate has been cracked in a series of raids on the Gold Coast
- cocaine user was found to have a rare condition associated with the use of the Class A drug
- Cocaine vagina
- Cocaine was responsible for more than 3 percent of all sudden deaths
- Cocaine worth $130 million destroyed in Belize
- Coke and Pepsi contain tiny traces of alcohol
- Cole was addicted to heroin. Then she got clean and sober. Twenty-five years later
- Coles "used the women in his life as tools of his trade."
- Colombia: 8 Israelis suspected of drug trafficking
- COLOMBIAN lingerie model
- commonly known as “bath salts
- Confessions of a Big Book Sponsor | Big BookStudies
- Conrad Murray
- consuming illicit drugs.
- CONVICTED drug dealer was caught with cocaine and crack when he was on dayrelease from an open jail
- Cops raided Charlie Sheen's home
- Coronation Street star Bruce Jones reveals how his battle against depression and drink has driven him to the brink of suicide
- Counterfeit alcohol warning
- Crack cocaine use hastens HIV disease progression
- Culver City
- Customs agents at John F. Kennedy Airport found nearly five pounds of cocaine concealed in the soles of sneakers packed in abandoned luggage last week
- Dace Lavon Glenn
- dangerous batch of heroin is circulating in Berkshire
- DANIEL DAE KIM
- Darren Day
- DEA Bans Synthetic Cocaine Masked As Bath Salts
- DEA: Heroin ‘hot spots’ throughout Charlotte
- dead man
- DEALERS working for ‘Fat’ Freddie Thompson supplied cocaine to radio legend Gerry Ryan.
- death from overdose
- death of alleged Gulf cartel leader Antonio Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen will further empower the Zetas
- Death Penalty in Singapore
- Deceased reggae star Smiley Culture was instrumental in recruiting women from Croydon to traffic drugs for distribution in the UK
- deli meat may raise pancreatic cancer risk
- Demi Lovato accused of doing cocaine by a Texas college student
- Denise Richards Talks to Daughters About Charlie Sheen's Addiction
- Denise Welch locked herself in the Coronation Street toilets
- Dennis Quaid says his greatest mistake was being addicted to cocaine when he first arrived in Hollywood.
- Detox programs
- Did Charlie Sheen test positive for cocaine
- died of a heart attack after swigging from a bottle of rum given to him as payment for a fare - unaware that it contained liquid cocaine
- Dies at 45
- difficult week for Michael Douglas
- Dirty South
- Disaster' looms over addiction to painkillers Prescriptions for powerful drugs have soared in past 20 years
- Distance traveled: from drug addict to doctor
- DMX is currently in rehab
- Doherty has been in prison three times
- Dope smokers puff for hash legalisation in Poland
- Dr. Peale then describes the healing of Charles through the power of Jesus Christ.
- Dream Warriors Testament the sensational serialised Addiction Journal
- Drinking alcohol
- Drug addicts are being prescribed heroin on the NHS across London
- Drug companies are working to develop a pure
- Drug couriers have started to smuggle hashish into Finland inside their bodies in small swallowable packets.
- drug dealers
- drug favoured by Horn of Africa diaspora
- Drug gangs report blasting UK cities as dangerous
- Drug house charges dropped against DJK
- Drug smuggler killed himself with own cocaine in Saughton Prison
- Drug Smuggling Accused Border Guard Baljinder Kandola At Loss For Words At Trial
- Drug suspect claims police busted him immediately after he walked out of hospital
- Drug That Killed Michael Jackson
- Drug trafficking brothers jailed for more than five years each
- Drug users are turning to legal highs
- Drug users have welcomed a massive Ecstasy bust
- Drug will make alcoholics forget that they want a drink
- drug-addicted cast member of CELEBRITY REHAB
- Drug-covered spoon found in Whitney Houston's Beverly Hilton hotel suite says report
- Drug-drivers to face jail time under new law
- drug-treatment clinic
- drugs can be made from pseudoephedrine
- drugs gangs
- DRUGS lord who enjoyed a jet-set lifestyle was last night starting an 11-and-a-half-year jail sentence.
- Drugs with an estimated street value of more than £3 million have been recovered in a raid
- Drunken violence
- Dutch court bans pot for foreigners
- Dutch Law Would Stop Sale of Marijuana to Tourists
- Each addict can cost society not far off £850
- Eating Disorder Center
- Eating nuts can help stave off obesity
- Edward House private rehabilitation clinic
- Edwin Valero was addicted to cocaine
- EEOC sues
- efforts to save Yong Vui Kong
- Elisabetta Canalis
- Elphia Dlamini
- Elton John First Took Cocaine in 1974
- Elton John Wants Billy Joel To Clean Himself Up
- emerging drug over the past two years has been cocaine
- Eminem talks addiction
- Enabling drug addicts
- English bodybuilder addicted to steroids has died of a heart attack after being tasered by police.
- Escort dies from cocaine binge
- etc. is nothing compared to the addiction we humans have to thinking.
- Europe's top scorer in 1999 and 2002
- even in moderation
- Every 30 years in addiction treatment we experience these gigantic steps forward. … And the ten stages may well be it.
- Ex-WORLD boxing champion Ricky Hatton has apologised to fans for his descent into drink and drugs hell.
- expect more arrests
- experts warn
- experts worry
- expressed worry at the rate at which nurse anaesthetists are getting addicted to drugs.
- Facebook App Lets You Add Enemies Online
- Facebook's 'dark side': study finds link to socially aggressive narcissism
- Fake cocaine
- Family members of executed drug mule in China face alleged recruiter
- featured female presenters who encouraged viewers to contact them via premium rate telephone numbers.
- Federal Criminal Sentencing Guidelines for Crack Cocaine Cases
- Fentanyl-laced heroin appears to have returned to Northwest Indiana
- Figures for 2009 to 2010 show a 12 per cent year on year increase.
- final hours of a troubled star: Amy Winehouse had 'bought ecstasy
- financial and professional stress just before his death from heart failure after using cocaine
- finding former Lee County sheriff EJ Melvin guilty of 37 of 43 of the original charges against him
- Fire at addict rehabilitation center in Peru kills 14 people
- Fletcher’s suspension from athletics
- flooding the global market on an almost unprecedented scale
- Florida Highway Patrol
- following statistics on Cocaine show just how dangerous and prevalent the drug is in our society.
- Food addiction
- for about seven years
- for the maximum four years
- form of flesh-eating cocaine has afflicted drug users in New York and Los Angeles
- former Big Brother contestant
- former boyfriend of the Goldsmith heiress Robyn Whitehead has said he holds the rock singer Pete Doherty's drug fuelled lifestyle morally responsible for her drug taking which led to her death.
- Former porn star Jenna Jameson has been arrested for drink driving after crashing into a lamppost.
- former University of Vermont student will spend six months in jail for supplying drugs to his fraternity's cocaine ring.
- Fortune and the Dark Realities of Sexual Addiction
- Four former members of the Colombian army's special forces are training members of Los Zetas
- Four men - caught by police during an undercover operation transferring £2 million worth of cannabis in an underground garage
- Four police officers were stabbed as they dealt with a disturbance today in Kingsbury
- Fox crime clan are evicted from home in east end of Glasgow
- Fred Wills has owned over the years under the “Big Daddy” name
- Free heroin good for Danish addicts
- Free Rehab Placement Service Launched for Sufferers of Substance Abuse
- Freedom near after years in hell but Schapelle Corby is too scared to hope
- French police officer
- Frenship Independent School District
- Fresh hope in pancreatic cancer war
- Friends defend Gerry's memory
- Frightening 'Drug Threat Assessment' for the USA and Mexico
- Funeral home denies it's source of Whitney Houston coffin photo
- Fury over 'link' of drug arrests to Jodie's death
- GANG of drug dealers planned to flood Britain with £4 billion of cocaine
- Gang ringleaders: Mehmet Sirin Baybasin (left) and Paul Taylor (Pic: PA)
- gangland incidents in Dublin at the weekend
- gay people are seven times more likely to take illegal drugs than the general population
- Gazza was warned he faces a jail term after admitting drink-driving in court.
- GBL is odourless and tasteless when diluted and is sold online for as little as 50p a shot.
- GEELONG star Mathew Stokes
- Gerard Butler checks into rehab
- Gerry Ryan 'took cocaine at work in RTE'
- Global swoop nets huge haul of fake drugs: Interpol
- Golders Green
- Government has banned the importation of a new psychoactive drug found in some samples of the so-called 'legal high' brand 'Ivory Wave'.
- Government review
- Greater Manchester Police say they will speak to former boxing champion Ricky Hatton about newspaper allegations he snorted cocaine
- Greek Orthodox nunnery
- gummy bear candy laced with the drug LSD
- Guns N’ Roses star
- Guzman drug lord's $15 million
- had at least 15 court appearances
- had been carrying 16 bags of suspected heroin and $1
- had originally entered a not guilty plea
- Hans Kristian Rausing's wife Eva 'found in sealed bin bags'
- Hard-partying young Americans have highest death rate of any high-income country
- hardest thing I do every day is not take cocaine. You don't get cured of addiction--you're just in remission
- harmful effects such as miscarriages
- has been implicated in a cocaine scandal
- has decided to go to a rehabilitation centre in Mexico to get rid of her drug addiction.
- has established a franchise here
- has recently gained attention in scientific literature and comes under the realm of atypical eating disorders.
- has said that the ‘Salt’ star was on cocaine
- have been warned against dealing in heroin.
- Having a cocaine binge at the weekend followed by three or four diazepam to get to sleep on Sunday messes up the brain's chemistry
- head of the Gulf Cartel of Mexico
- Health risks of cannabis 'underestimated'
- heart infections
- Heroin addict fell in front of train
- Heroin addict grandson of former Archbishop of Canterbury Lord Carey dies after 'overdose'
- Heroin and cocaine grabbed Annie Preece
- Heroin back with a vengeance
- Heroin batch in Guildford area linked to illness
- Heroin continues to be the most lethal drug killing Floridians.
- heroin had originated Afghanistan and was to be repackaged in the house before being redistributed.
- Heroin has made an aggressive comeback in central Minnesota
- Heroin horror stalks India's most remote villages
- Heroin in Chicago at crisis level
- Heroin is not only responsible for a spike in overdose deaths
- heroin or meth
- heroin use surges in U.S.
- hidden in what appeared to be packets of cheese balls
- Hillsborough jails see increasing number of pain pill addicts
- His death is drug-related
- HIV/AIDS and hepatitis
- Hooker Claims There Was Cocaine in Charlie Sheen's Room
- Houston's death puts focus on prescription drug addiction
- How alcohol is fuelling a new wave of murder
- How cocaine corrupts the brain Biomed Middle East
- How Exercise May Make Addictions Better
- How stress and depression can shrink the brain
- How to Embark on a Spiritual Journey
- How Wall Street Bankers Use Seamless To Feast On Free Lobster
- HSBC apologised
- I Am Dr. Cocaine:
- I am Osiel Cardenas Guillen
- I can watch my serenity level rise when I discard my expectations.
- I had taken on the disease concept of Alcholics Anonymous and made my first attempts at the steps.
- I knew nothing about what was coming
- I thought maybe it was almost like a suicide binge.
- Ian Bullen and Andrew Parker were back at the higher echelons of drug trading within a year of release from long prison sentences for dealing.
- Ice cream as 'addictive as drugs' says new study
- ice methamphetamine
- if arresting people for drugs was a sign of success in The War on Drugs
- If Life has no interest in the past
- If you can't beat them
- illegal sale of prescription medicines in the Riverina.
- illicit drugs market was worth an estimated $320 billion with over 5 per cent of the world's populations aged between 15 and 64 years of age
- Implanting the addiction-treatment drug buprenorphine in people who are opioid-dependent
- in early 2008
- in Key Biscayne
- increase in the number of sudden deaths among 21 to 45 year olds in Spain is being blamed on cocaine.
- Individuals who are cross-addicted are people who switch from one addiction to another
- INDONESIAN authorities claim an Australian man arrested this week allegedly carrying 1.1kg of hashish inside his body was couriering for an international drug network.
- industrial origins of Scottish excess
- Infants become addicted to salt at an early age
- Injecting drug use is driving the fastest-growing Aids epidemic in the world.
- inmate at a maximum security jail smuggled in so much cocaine that other lags queued outside his cell to buy some
- inquest hears
- INTELLIGENCE early on in life among women may be linked to drug-taking as they get older
- Interesting video of jungle based cocaine factory
- Internet Addiction
- Internet obsession is also real.
- Internet pornography
- Iran hanged six convicted drug traffickers in a prison west of Tehran
- Irish actor Jonathan Rhys Meyers has reportedly checked into rehab for the fourth time.
- is denying he violated his probation.
- is in a Florida jail after U.S. authorities allegedly seized 400 kilograms of cocaine from his vessel
- Is it in your neighborhood
- is likely to be arrested and prosecuted by police
- is making a comeback.
- is to keep it at steady levels.
- It's Not Dementia
- It's Your Heart Medication: Cholesterol Drugs and Memory
- It’s a common question among online junkies – where did the time go?
- Italian police seize cocaine worth $340m
- Italy government hangs by thread as coalition crumbles
- Jack Nicholson
- Jacksonville Jaguars
- jail sentences in Italy on drug smuggling charges.
- James Rosemond Convicted of Running Multimillion-Dollar Drug Ring
- Japan: Yeshiva Boy Freed from Prison
- Jason Lund and Luke Bandkowski were linked to two heroin deaths each in Waukesha County
- Jay-Z has fond memories of his years as a drug dealer on the streets of New York - insisting he had 'fun' selling crack cocaine.
- Jennifer Capriati overdosed and was rushed to hospital in Riviera Beach
- Jersey Police
- Jobseekers who reject help for alcohol and drug addiction face benefits cut
- John Philip Stirling
- Jonathan Dimbleby has admitted he tried cocaine and marijuana in his 20s.
- Jonathan Rhys Meyers was hospitalized in London this week after a possible suicide attempt involving pills
- Jose Antonio Medina was captured by Mexican police in the western state of Michoacan
- journal Biological Psychiatry
- journey from 'lawbreaker to lawmaker'
- Judge Baseer told the singer he was a 'sinner' when he appeared before a hearing at Abu Dhabi Court
- judge refused to grant bail over fears Douglas would relapse
- jurors heard today as they again saw a photo of the pop stars dead body.
- just a bunch of marijuana
- Justin Townes Earle looks back at year of recovery
- Kate Middleton Visits Recovering Addicts
- Kate Moss
- Kathryn Fuller
- Keith Richards wants to “road-test” any new drugs that are invented.
- Kelly Osbourne's Healthy Transformation
- Kensington and Chelsea
- Kern County
- killed Cheyenne bull rider Bryan Guthrie
- Kirstie Alley regrets writing drug-fuelled journal entries during her battle with addiction
- known member of the “Folk Nation” street gang was arrested for selling cocaine
- KOB Eyewitness news 4 reported about a spike in abuse of a drug used to treat heroin addiction.
- Koppel’s Son Had Heroin
- Kristen Delgado
- Kristin Cavallari Spotted Snorting Cocaine
- Laguna Beach
- Lake Geneva
- Las Vegas
- lead them! British diplomat advocates legalizing heroin
- Left Him to Die on Yacht
- Legal highs making the drug war obsolete
- Lettuce addiction 'saved woman's life' after giving clue to cancer diagnosis
- Levamisole has been found in both powder and crack cocaine in the Los Angeles area.
- Lifting the veil on Afghanistan’s female addicts
- Like alcohol and drug addiction
- Lil Wayne Has Heroin Named After him In NJ
- Lindsay Lohan
- Lindsay Lohan Avoids Jailtime and is Sent Back to Rehab
- Lindsay Lohan could face only 1 day in jail for cocaine -
- Lindsay Lohan found unconscious in hotel
- Lindsay Lohan is reportedly being treated for cocaine addiction
- Lindsay Lohan laid bare the extent of her drug addiction Monday
- list of America's Top 5 Addictions
- lithium carbonate
- London's secret music venue and their livestream act
- long range cartel subs are apparently going all the way from Ecuador to Europe
- Lorry driver jailed in France for drugs smuggling is freed
- Los Angeles
- Los Angeles County prosecutors
- Los Angeles International Airport
- Los Angles
- LSD could treat alcoholism
- Luis Miguel Hospitalized
- Madrid's Hospital Gregorio Maranon
- Malaysia mosque a source of hope for heroin addicts
- Malaysian and Nigerian drug smugglers are using Thais as accomplices
- Man Flees After Woman Demands Too Much Sex
- Man held in drug case after girlfriend dies
- Man Used Heroin
- Manlius Town Court
- many teens were using the Internet as a tool for exploring questions of personal identity
- Marijuana Growers
- Marijuana Vending Machine by Calif. Company
- Mathew Stokes will face the Geelong Magistrates' Court today on cocaine trafficking and possession charges.
- Matt Steven's cocaine scandal in quotes
- may better reflect family risk for alcohol use disorders.
- Medium’ Star Jake Weber was Rolling Stones Drug Mule
- Mel Gibson
- Mel Gibson Invited to Whitney Houston's Funeral
- Members of Ventura and Santa Barbara county gangs have been sentenced to lengthy federal prison terms for methamphetamine trafficking.
- men are five times more likely to die from alcohol-related illness than women
- Men who smuggled drugs from Dover to Skelmersdale jailed
- mental health units
- Mentor UK
- Merck Cocaine: Behind Some Of Those Fabulous Rolling Stones Songs
- Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich says reading an interview in which Noel talked about quitting drugs is what made him give up taking cocaine.
- Methamphetamines affect the brain in numerous ways. The drug tricks the brain into thinking that extra dopamine is released. Eventually
- Mexican government legalized possession of marijuana
- Mexican meth labs
- Mexican meth production goes on speed
- Mexico opposition may work with criminals
- Mexico's military cracks down on the cartels moving South American narcotics north.
- Mexico’s military says soldiers freed 61 men being held captive by the Zetas drug cartel for use as forced labor
- Michael Jackson's heartbroken daughter lashed out at Dr Conrad Murray for failing to save her father's life
- Michael was first sent to tough Pentonville Prison in North London
- Middlesex County Prosecutors Office is offering a reward for up to $500 for information leading to Underwood's arrest.
- midget subs to transport drugs
- Miguel Pérez García and Juan Carlos Sierra
- million people in the UK are estimated to be addicted to prescription drugs known as benzodiazepines.
- Mind Hacks is a collection of probes into the moment-by-moment works of the brain.
- Minimum alcohol price in Scotland to be set at 50p a unit
- Minimum price for alcohol introduced in bid to tackle Britain's binge crisis
- Misery among heroin addicts in Afghanistan
- Mohammed Abbas
- Mom Charged With Attacking Son’s Alleged Heroin Dealer With Aluminum Bat
- Money spent on nicotine patches 'goes up in smoke'
- Montebello Police investigators discovered nearly 70 pounds of cocaine
- more gambling
- more powerful version of the nation’s second most-abused medicine
- more problem gamblers and more of the calamitous social ills that follow.
- more than 26 drugs charges and is currently on bail for cocaine possession.
- More Than Half Of All Drug Arrests In U.S. Are For Marijuana
- More... What the dip on your lip reveals about your sex life The mile-high show that is making flyers blush: Qantas offers advice that's a bit racier than you might expect
- mother left her crying one-year-old child locked in the car while she gambled on the pokies.
- MP Eric Joyce charged with assault
- Mr. Nice Guy became the biggest fake pot manufacturer in the US.
- Mr. Osbourne your epiglottis is the size of a light bulb and glowing almost as brightly
- Murrieta Police Department
- MUSIC legend Eric Clapton has raised £1.3million for his rehab clinic
- Myanmar’s drug ‘exports’ to China test ties
- mysterious fungus is wreaking havoc on Afghanistan's opium poppies
- Narcotics officers seized nearly 1kg of heroin worth about $137
- Natalie Mejia
- Natina Reed
- nation's underage drinkers
- National Drug Control Policy
- National Institute on Drug Abuse
- Netherlands judge to rule on cafe cannabis ban
- Neurosurgeon Dr Suresh Surendranath Nair is charged with supplying drugs to sex worker Suellen Domingues Zaupa who was found dead in his apartment in 2009
- new designer drug called krokodil -- a derivative of morphine that can turn an addict's skin greenish
- NEW DRINK LIMIT 'JUST FOR BINGERS
- New figures show hundreds of thousands of people are forced to use medication to fight their dependency.
- New Jersey motorcyclist who had been stopped along Route 22 because he was operating his vehicle with a suspended license
- new legal highs had flooded the market
- new study published in the journal Science offers new insight into the mechanism behind cocaine’s addictiveness.
- New York
- Nick Stahl's Wife Says He Is Missing
- Nicole Hedges
- Nigerian gets death for drug trafficking
- NJ Town First to Consider Medical Marijuana
- No probe into Ryan cocaine suppliers
- Noemie Lenoir is the last of a string of models to have committed suicide or attempted to commit suicide in the past year.
- non-approved drugs
- north London.
- not dependence
- not for us
- nothing mattered to Taylor but his addiction to sex
- of Cranbrook Street in Belfast was charged following a search of his home in August 2009.
- of Diamond Bar
- of Oldham
- of Tomahawk
- of Winston-Salem
- off-duty police officers from the Nogales police department seized several hundred pounds of marijuana from a drug smuggling operation
- Officer Jumps to Death After Cocaine Arrest
- officer? Oh
- ON CLOUD NINE: BATH SALTS BY ANOTHER NAME... WITH STRONG COMPULSIONS TO REDOSE
- on Dec. 18.
- on the outskirts of Kabul.
- one baby born each hour addicted to opiate drugs in U.S.
- One in seven Cambridge students 'has sold drugs to help pay their way through university'
- Online porn increases sex addiction risk says expert
- Opiates Killed 8 Americans In Afghanistan
- Opioid pain relievers and stimulants for intoxication is widely prevalent
- Oprah Winfrey
- or nearly 250 million people
- or online affairs or the more overt behaviors like exhibitionism
- or Worse
- Orange County
- Orange County High School
- Oscar Arriola Marquez has pleaded not guilty to charges that include money laundering and conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance
- ose Antonio Medina Arreguin was sentenced Wednesday in Ventura
- oversee marijuana market
- Oxford University in England
- OxyContin change a concern for addiction workers
- Painkillers in Maine: A cure that came with a curse
- Painter Kinkade relapsed into alcoholism
- Pakistani beheaded for heroin trafficking
- Palm Springs
- Panorama - Cocaine: Alex James in Colombia 1/3
- Paris Hilton to serve 1 year probation
- Parliamentary bar brawl spotlights culture of drinking in Britain
- parties and drugs. He became withdrawn from his family and spent his earnings feeding his addictions.
- Partner of Coca-Cola addict claims guzzling the drink killed her
- Passed Out While Driving On Beltline
- Passive drug smokers could also face jail in Dubai
- Paul Simon's music takes meandering spiritual journey
- Pedrie Wannenburg
- People who haven’t experienced living with an addict just don’t have any idea what it’s like
- Pete Doherty is now linked to three deaths
- Phoenix Academy
- Phoenix House
- phone sex
- PHS grad with attorney on school board dodges jail time
- Plain-packaging cigarette challenge in Australia's high court
- Plan B has admitted that the first and only time he has taken heroin was during his first Glastonbury.
- pleaded not guilty to possession of cocaine rocks on Wednesday.
- Police are investigating at least two other deaths in the area linked to a dangerous form of heroin.
- Police arrest 300 in cannabis crackdown
- Police have arrested Tarkan
- Police in 'legal highs' warning after teen dies at RockNess Festival
- Police on the Costa del Sol were yesterday hunting a gang who stole £1million of cocaine from a warehouse where authorities held seized drugs before destroying them.
- Police said they caught Mr McCaskill with six packets of cocaine in his wallet after they watched him walk into a supermarket in Tuban
- poor man’s heroin
- POP star George Michael was released from jail
- poppy fields flourish in Mexico
- pornography addiction
- Portugal Decriminalized All Drugs Eleven Years Ago And The Results Are Staggering
- possibly a West Norriton resident
- Pot Legalization Could Save U.S. $13.7 Billion Per Year
- powder cocaine and 50 grams or more of crack cocaine
- Premier League footballer Fabrice Muamba is in intensive care after collapsing during an FA Cup tie.
- prescription drug abuse is a 'hidden problem
- Prescription Drug Arrest
- Priory Group's rehabilitation centre in Roehampton
- Prison Service 'must target drugs'
- prisoner Renae Lawrence has made a fresh confession about her role in heroin smuggling in an effort to prevent the execution of Scott Rush
- production manager for the hit cable TV show 'Deadliest Catch' who bragged about his ability to deliver large amounts of cocaine is facing felony drug charges.
- Professor from Kidderminster on drug smuggling charge claims he was duped
- Professor John Strang
- Professors Pablo Vallejo Medina
- Promises Treatment Center
- Promising antidote for cocaine overdose in the works
- prosecutors have busted Bloods gang members on charges of running several sex trafficking rings
- Prostitute Injected Google Exec With Heroin
- prostitute seeking fame on The X Factor was yesterday exposed as a cocaine user
- Pul-e-Charkhi prison
- push to decriminalize small amounts of marijuana will put an end to New York's reefer madness
- rabbi who was arrested after a five-day binge of cocaine and prostitutes
- Ramsey County District Court.
- Randy Quaid
- Rapper Coolio Artis Leon Ivey
- Rapper Earl Simmons
- rapper Gucci Mane has reportedly checked into a rehab for an alleged cocaine addiction
- Rapper Waka Flocka Waives Hearing
- rapper who boasted on Twitter about beating a murder rap is a violent drug kingpin who flooded Brooklyn's Gowanus Houses with crack and heroin
- Reality TV star Khloe Kardashian
- Recession causes 2
- Recovering Addict Daniel Powter Preparing Chart Comeback
- Recovering alcoholic Matt Maden: I began drinking at 10 and now I'm facing death at 26
- Redmond O'Neal
- Reduced BMD often co-occurs with alcoholism.
- Regional Police Drug Squad Make Arrests And Seize $6
- Regular drinking habit comes with age
- Rehab has helped him accept that he must move at his own pace
- Relapse is common among those struggling to overcome an addiction to cocaine.
- Remains Jailed
- Renowed Hockey Brawler
- reports say
- Research shows 753 people were charged for use or possession of the drug last year
- Researchers completing a new study on alcohol consumption have discovered that college-age students who binge drink are happier than those who don't.
- resumption of heavy drinking killed the singer
- reveals French research
- Richmond and Kingston
- Rick Perry takes military-style tack to protect Texas border from Mexican cartels
- Rick Ross
- Ricky Hatton has been stripped of his boxing licence
- Rival gangsters pack Vancouver courts
- Riyadh-based Saudi Care for Rehabilitation and Health Care
- Robert Downey Jr. first became addicted tο drugs.
- Robert Downey Jr.'s salvation
- Robert Munsch admits to cocaine
- Rock star Pete Doherty is due to appear in court charged with cocaine possession
- Rocker Phil Varone has turned his alleged sex addiction into a money-spinning venture by bedding five girlfriends for a new x-rated movie.
- ROGER AVARY FACES MANSLAUGHTER CHARGES
- ROGUE batch of heroin is being linked to two deaths
- Roman Abramovich
- Ronnie Wood: Show keeps me sober
- Roxies sell on the street for as much as $30 per pill and offer a high that tops crack
- Royal Navy wren smuggled £2 million of cocaine on board a warship
- RTÉ BROADCASTER Gerry Ryan was under enormous personal
- Rudy Eugene and Ronald Poppo
- Russell Brand has no compunction about calling himself a junkie.
- Russell Brand is in talks with the BBC about presenting his first TV programme
- Russia's heroin problem a "tsunami" sweeping over the country
- Russia's heroin problem and ongoing battles over Afghan poppy fields
- Ryan Wedding of Coquitlam
- S SPAIN THE NEXT GREECE? NATION SINKS FURTHER INTO MIRE
- SA Institute for Drug-Free Sport views the admission of guilt of Bulls and Springbok rugby player
- Saddle River
- Sahel drug gang battle - 4 dead
- Sam Sarfo Kantanka claims to have swallowed 96 of the pellets.
- Samanth Orobator
- San Diego's deadly heroin problem
- San Luis Rio Colorado
- Sanclemente the 'Narco Queen
- Santa Barbara freeway
- Sarah and Simon are questioned by the police
- Sarah Harding has completed her 2-month stint in rehab
- saying the pills on the streets were dangerous.
- says 'The bigger the crowd
- says coroner
- says study
- says survey
- says top Cambridge neuroscientist
- scaly and cause it to rot away
- Scientists Have Discovered Why Marijuana Makes You Paranoid
- Scotland exports more cannabis than it imports as Triad farms grow
- Scotland's elite crimebusters are tackling drug dealers by seizing bulking agents they use to drive up profits.
- Scotland’s binge drinking epidemic
- Scott Storch
- Scott Storch -- Arrested for Cocaine in Vegas
- Scott Weiland
- Scottish supermarkets face extra tax on selling alcohol
- Secret Service scandal sheds light on sex tourism in Latin America
- Self-Drawings May Reveal Hidden Eating Disorders
- senior research fellow at Stirling University's Scottish Addiction Studies Group
- Sex addiction linked to Internet porn
- sex addicts.
- Sex Offenses
- Sex Robots Will Revolutionize Sex Tourism
- Sharon Armstrong to appeal Argentinian drug-smuggling conviction
- she discovered she had hepatitis C
- she said she wanted cocaine to “stay up all night” and then asked when she could leave to get some
- Sheen reportedly tested positive for cocaine after being transported to the hospital on Monday night
- Sheen's ex-wife charged with cocaine distribution
- shocking news report claims that the late Whitney Houston and her teenage daughter Bobbi Kristina shared the same drug dealer.
- Should Sexual Addiction Become Legitimate Mental Health Diagnosis?
- show concludes with Glover's attempts "to stay clean and sober"
- shut down drive-through drug operation near University Mall
- Side Effects Of Cocaine
- Sierra Leone
- SIMPLE translation error has stymied drug mule Martin Stephens' attempt to get out of jail early
- Sinaloa cartel carving drug routes in Caribbean
- Singer Whitney to be laid to rest
- Sir Richard Branson: Time to start helping drug addicts instead of jailing them
- skin infections and pneumonia.
- Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix
- sleeping tablets
- Sly Stone
- Smoke leads cops to pot
- Smokers could one day be immunised against nicotine so they gain no pleasure from the habit
- Smokers lose one third of their everyday memory
- Smoking dope and smoking coke
- Smoking shisha can kill
- Smoking tube passenger decapitated after falling onto tracks
- Snaresbrook Crown Court
- Snoop Dogg
- Snorting Baby Powder
- socially disruptive narcissists More Facebook Friends You Have
- Soldier gets five years for plot to smuggle £80
- some cocaine
- Sony Ericsson Open
- sores in the mouth or around the anus
- sought to have the names of eight former and current sex workers suppressed
- South Wales
- south-west London
- SPANISH drug traffickers are now taking to the skies to avoid border controls.
- Spanish police have arrested a Colombian drug boss
- spin king and former boozehound Alastair Campbell
- St. Louis Cardinals
- State issues temporary ban on fake cocaine
- Statin side effects: How common are memory loss
- STEVEN ADLER
- Stimulating Results
- strip clubs or massage parlors
- Student denies smuggling heroin into jail
- Students at one of the world's most prestigious educational institutions
- Students warned of drug-smuggling recruiters
- Study in rats shows high-fructose diet sabotages learning
- study of Australian heroin users has shown how the drug regularly lands them in hospital
- study of pathological altruism
- study says
- Study says caffeine addicts hallucinate
- Study Suggests Link Between Narcissism And Facebook
- study to test the effectiveness of the prescription pain reliever Dilaudid as a treatment for chronic heroin addiction.
- Subutex and Suboxone
- successfully building their own future lives using what they discover on the Web
- Sugar = Heroin. How to Cut Your Addiction
- sugar addicts
- Sugar: A sweet but dangerous addiction
- Surf Air: Can an all-you-can-fly airline possibly work?
- Surrey woman's Thailand monastery stay to conquer heroin
- survey has suggested that nearly 80% of GPs are prescribing drugs when they think the patients could be addicted to them.
- Sweden warns heroin users after anthrax death
- Swimming sex-symbol Beard confesses in suicide attempt
- Switzerland’s heroin program
- swollen glands
- Sydney Central Local Court
- Sydney police boss Mark Standen jailed for drug plot
- Symptoms include persistent fever and chills
- Symptoms of alcohol abuse
- Take 5 seconds just to be quiet.
- Take 5 seconds just to be quiet. | Big BookStudies
- taking ecstasy was no more dangerous than horseriding
- Taliban Deface Koran to Sell Heroin
- talks about overdosing on heroin
- Tatum O'Neal
- Ted Nugent's drummer flees police in golf cart
- Teenage drink and drug abuse linked to brain 'wiring'
- Teens Snorted Ashes of Man
- Teens with a history of crack or cocaine are at an increased risk for HIV than youth who have never used these drugs
- Tel Aviv
- Tetra Pak heir Hans Kristian Rausing is being treated in hospital as police wait to question him in connection with the death of his wife Eva.
- Thailand Crime Suppression Division
- the actor who portrayed the ne're-do-well cousin Eddie in the National Lampoon's Vaction movies wants asylum in Canada
- The addiction to drugs
- the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
- The Amy Winehouse Foundation will be launched on September 14
- The average of all the ages [of people starting to smoke] came out as nine.
- THE Beatles were partly to blame for a global increase in popular experimentation with illicit drugs
- the bigger my habit got'
- the brain shuts down.
- The CDC reports that the relatively recent epidemic of opium-addiction is now America's fastest growing drug problem.
- the Chicago area had the most heroin-related hospital visits in the nation.
- the Coke'
- the Crack
- The death of ex-Alice in Chains bassist Mike Starr raised a number of questions for his fans
- the director of the national addiction centre
- the doctor charged with causing Michael Jackson's death
- the double life of heroin addiction
- the drug of choice for the clubbers of the early 1990s
- The Five Keys to Mindful Communication
- The Government is set to pave the way for cigarette packets to be stripped of all branding
- The important thing with serotonin
- the Internet
- the Internet has many of us on a very short leash – an addictive one.
- the Italian model who has been dating Hollywood hunk George Clooney for the past year
- The Junkie Old Folks' Home: Aging Addicts Find Rufuge in Dutch Care Facility
- the More Unhappy You Are
- the most expensive ever.
- the mush-mouthed
- The naked truth
- The Nassau Legislature will vote on its measure Dec. 15; the Suffolk Legislature
- The Netherlands is embarking on a crusade against its multi-billion-euro marijuana industry
- The New Face of Drug Abuse
- the northern Spanish town where thousands of British students flock every spring for four nights of drunken debauchery.
- The outlook isn't 'grim'. The number of heroin and crack addicts is falling
- the overwhelming need for sexual satisfaction so intense that psychologists compare it to crack cocaine.
- the physicians.
- The problem is that we have the highest obesity rate in Europe and we drink more alcohol than the European average.
- the reclusive funk legend whose career was crippled by rampant drug abuse
- The results strongly suggest that the mechanism of depression after alcohol drinking may be related to serotonin.
- The singer was found five times over the drink-drive limit
- The Steps in 4 hours
- the stupidest son
- The Ten Stages acknowledges that We are all unique perfect children within carrying a full range of unique gifts to offer.
- The Tolerance Effect: How Drinking May Have Really Killed Amy Winehouse
- The unseen problem with new law on tobacco sales
- then I guess our government has won.
- There’s a myth of invincibility. Illness is for the patient
- Thornton Heath man in South American jail after being caught with £20k of coke
- thought a prostitute had stolen his wallet.
- THOUSANDS of heroin addicts in South Wales are being weaned off the killer substance with substitute drug programmes costing millions.
- Three men have been arrested at John F. Kennedy International Airport since the Christmas holiday
- Three More Countries Seek Prisoner-Transfer Deals With Indonesia
- Three New Brunswick Smoke Shops Raided
- Tiger Woods last night revealed he is part of a police probe into drug abuse in American sport.
- Timothy Rutherford who worked as a civil contractor with British forces in southern Iraq
- to fast food
- to get him to have treatment and hopefully win this battle
- to texting. Are we living in a nation of junkies?
- to the use and abuse of cocaine
- Tobacco giant Philip Morris is threatening to take the Australian Government to an international court over plain packaging legislation.
- toxic effects of cocaine
- trying to smuggle the contraband in an ice-cream vending machine
- Turkey’s most famous pop music star
- Turkish criminal gangs are ruling over the streets in the UK
- TV personality Coolio
- TV'S The Scheme is set to shock viewers with graphic images of a heroin addict injecting the deadly drug.
- Twice as powerful as crack cocaine at just a fraction of the price
- Twitter addict? Too much Internet may alter your brain
- Two men took their friend's corpse on a night out with them to a strip club so they could use his ATM card to buy drinks
- Two people have been charged with drug offences after a £100
- TWO people in the Banff area died in suspected drugs-related incidents at the weekend.
- Two-thirds of smokers try to quit in new year
- U.S. journal Analytical Chemistry
- UC Berkeley researchers pinpoint areas of brain linked with addiction
- ugly image misprints and unfortunate impulse decisions
- UK - The Independent
- Underground Website Lets You Mail-Order LSD
- Understand the inherently peaceful presence of Awareness the art of Living in the NOW
- Understanding and treating a variety of addictions will be the topic of two days worth of workshops sponsored by the Central Nebraska Council on Alcoholism and Addictions
- unfortunately. Maybe I'm naïve
- Uniformed policeman 'cuffed and raped heroin addict' - Crime
- Union Pacific
- United Kingdom is the cocaine capital of Europe
- Unity Fellowship Church in City Heights
- Uruguay aims to legalize
- US agents laundered drug money
- US court blocks graphic cigarette warnings
- US gambler spent £120
- Utah plastic surgeon is being sued by a former patient who claims that he tried to operate on her using a 'pickle fork' after her anesthetic wore off.
- Venezuela on Tuesday deported three suspected drug smugglers wanted in the United States
- Victoria Police
- warn doctors
- was announced by the anti-doping agency after he was sentenced to nine months’ jail
- was arrested at Bali Ngurah Rai International Airport
- was arrested at Heathrow Airport
- was arrested in a Los Angeles suburb on Tuesday night after police reportedly found more than a dozen plastic bags of cocaine
- was charged with two counts of trafficking cocaine
- was convicted last December of conspiring to distribute 24 kilograms of cocaine.
- was found dead May 2
- was killed after police tasered her.
- we can't lie
- We could wipe memories of drug addicts
- Wes Scantlin will avoid jail time from his January arrest
- West Australian
- What cannabis actually does to your brain
- What is an Addict?
- What is orthorexia?
- What killed Whitney Houston is still an official mystery despite widespread media speculation
- What's that in the car
- What’s new in the treatment of cocaine addiction
- Which countries have the highest rates of cannabis use
- which has addiction experts worried that it could spur a new wave of abuse.
- which included gang beatings
- While in the lock-up
- White Girl and White Rush.
- white heroin and its dangers
- Whitefish Bay
- Whitney Houston
- Whitney Houston 'binged on cocaine
- Whitney Houston death probe nears end; toxicology results pending
- Whitney Houston drowned after cocaine use
- Whitney Houston full autopsy report to offer more details
- Whitney Houston has canceled more shows in Europe and her “people” are saying it is due to an upper respiratory infection.
- Whitney Houston: 'Powdery' substance in hotel bathroom
- who barely survived taking contaminated cocaine that killed her 'Amazing Race' producer boss
- who claimed to be the former drug dealer of Angelina Jolie
- who plays Jin-Soo Kwon in the hit series - was detained in Honolulu
- Why do most spouses and partners react to the discovery of sexual addiction with such a sense of total devastation
- Why Mexico's drug gangs target rehab centers
- why should you?
- wild animal protection centre in the southern Hainan Island.
- Will treating addiction as a 'disease' combat a growing epidemic
- William Hill Bookmakers
- Winehouse's death points to risk of detoxing alone
- Wisconsin woman received vacuum stuffed full of drugs
- with death throughoverdose rising in their wake
- with three empty vodka bottles next to her.
- WOMAN charged with trying to extort almost $800
- Worrying is good for you and reflects higher IQ
- Yet another study confirms your tech addiction
- yet his record label says nothing
- you are rendered defenseless
- Young Jeezy
- Yuri van Gelder will miss 2012 Olympics
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